Social Studies Common Exam Review

Democracy

  • Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.

Direct Democray

  • All citizens participate in government.
  • There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything!
  • Example: In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.

Representative Democray

  • Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government
  • People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens
  • example:united kingdom

Autocracy

    • A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor

    Monarchy

    • Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!
    • Leaders usually gain their power because their parents were rulers too.
    • example:united arab emirates

    Dictatorship

    • In a dictatorship, power is not inherited, but is acquired by force (military or political)
    • Dictators have absolute control over the lives of their citizens and usually people are not allowed to voice their negative opinions
    • examples;North koeran

    Oligarchy

    • “Rule by few”
    • Power can be based on several things:
    • Military strength = Military Junta
    • Family power = Aristocracy
    • example:like autocracies

    Theocracy

    • “Theo” means “god” in Greek… so if a government is THEO-cratic that means it is ruled by… That’s right! A god or higher power!
    • example:The Islamic Republic of Iran is a modern theocracy that uses the holy Islamic book, The Qur’an, as its guide.

    Anarchy

    • everyone does what they want
    • example:celtic ireland

    Communism

    • a form of socialism—a higher and more advanced form, according to its advocates
    • example:modern day communism started during the Russian Civil War (1918-1922) when the Bolsheviks pulled all productive property such as factories, mines and railroads under government control.