Democritus and Aristotle

Democritus (460 BCE 370 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher. He is known for his influence on modern science more than any other pre-Socratic philosopher.  What Democritus left has not survived in all of its physicality, but he has been written about by Aristotle Theophrastus, Diogenes, along with a few others. He thought that all things were made up of tiny, invisible, indestructible particle, known as atoms. He thought atoms varied in size, shapes, and weight. He came up with what we now call the Atomic theory. the date of his discovery remains unknown. he died in the same place he was born, Thrace.

facts about Democritus:

- His family was very wealthy.

- was estimated to be born around 460 BCE in Abdera, Thrace.

- Traveled for a while around Thrace, but after his father died he took off traveling for search of wisdom and experience.

- Said that he had no care in wealth and preferred to put everything into his studies, investigations and explorations.

- while traveling he may have met Anaxagoras and been Friends with Hippocrates.

- known as the laughing photosphere, for hid tendiance to mock fellow citizions for their follies.  

Aristotle , the son of Nichomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian royal family. He was trained first in medicine, He stayed at Plato's Academy until about 347  Though a brilliant pupil, Aristotle opposed some of Plato's teachings, and when Plato died, Aristotle was not appointed head of the Academy. After leaving Athens, Aristotle spent some time traveling, and possibly studying biology, in Asia Minor (now Turkey) and its islands. He returned to Macedonia in 338 to tutor Alexander the Great; after Alexander conquered Athens, Aristotle returned to Athens and set up a school of his own, known as the Lyceum. After Alexander's death, Athens rebelled against Macedonian rule, and Aristotle's political situation became precarious. To avoid being put to death, he fled to the island of Euboea, where he died soon after.Though Aristotle's work in zoology was not without errors, it was the grandest biological synthesis of the time, and remained the ultimate authority for many centuries after his death. His observations on the anatomy of octopus, cuttlefish, and many other marine invertebrates are remarkably accurate, and could only have been made from first-hand experience with dissection. Aristotle described the embryological development of a chick; he distinguished whales and dolphins from fish; he described the chambered stomachs of ruminants and the social organization of bees; he noticed that some sharks give birth to live young -- his books on animals are filled with such observations, some of which were not confirmed until many centuries later.

Objects, including organisms, were composed of a potential, their matter, and of a reality, their form

facts about Aristotle:

- was born in Stagira in north Greece

- was sent to Athens to study philosophy with Plato

-Aristotle is said to have written 150 philosophical treatises.

-The majority of Aristotle’s original work has been lost  through the passage of time but around one third of it still remains to this  day.

- In the later Middle Ages, Aristotle's work was rediscovered and enthusiastically adopted by medieval scholars

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