$0.02         November 10, 1888     Published in New York, NY

New York Daily Buzz

Harrison is elected! Bringing a republican back as president!

The Election of 1888 was one of the most controversial elections in history. The main issue in the election was tariffs. Harrison did not believe tariffs should be reduced, and Cleveland thought they should be because they were too high. Harrison thought they should not be reduced because he believed they would protect American industry. Also at the time, free trade was used by the British empire, and anyone who decided to support would be labeled as a supporter of the British instead of Americans. Cleveland ended this. Farmers, industrialists, and veterans disliked Cleveland’s policies of currency and tariffs. What made the election controversial was that Cleveland received more popular votes than Harrison, but Harrison got a larger electoral vote than Cleveland, which helped him win the election. There have been only four elections in history where the winner of the popular vote did not win the election as well. There was also some evidence of “mudslinging” in the election. There was a republican named Osgoodby who wrote a letter to a British ambassador and he asked who he should vote for in the upcoming election. The republicans received a response that the ambassador felt that Cleveland should win. Not long after, the republicans published this letter to try to gain more support for their candidate. It was known as the “Murchison Letter”.

            Cleveland- “The Veto President"

When it comes to civil war veterans President Cleveland does not wholly believe in passing more pension bills. When congress, pressured by the Grand Army of the Republic, proposed a bill allocating pension plans for veterans with disabilities contracted outside of the war, Cleveland strongly vetoed it. Although this could greatly affect his vote by veterans, Cleveland stands tall behind his decisions. His reasoning for the numerous vetoes is he thought the pension claims to be fraudulent. Cleveland has been known to have more conservative decisions as shown in the past. He intensely pursued a policy that stopped any favors for special economic groups, and vetoed a bill that allotted 10,000 dollars to drought stricken farmers in Texas because “ Federal aid in such cases encourages the expectation of paternal care from the government and weakens the sturdiness of our national character.” These may be the words of a prideful patriot, or a man who refuses to help out desperate Americans. However, Harrison completely supports the Dependent and Disability Pension Act, a cause he pushed for while serving in congress. Will this be the act that puts Harrison on top? Or do people stand behind Cleveland’s democratic efficient way of running the government?

 Cleveland vs. The Tariff & Harrison

As long as Cleveland stays in office, an increase in the tariff will not be likely. Being a hard-currency advocate, he also repealed the Bland-Allison Silver Purchase Act believing it undermined the American dollar. Cleveland wasn't afraid of his beliefs hurting his voting polls either, expressed clearly when he wrote, “what is the use of being elected unless you stand for something?” The McKinley Tariff has quickly become known as “The Great Tariff Debate” A tactic that is fully supported by Republicans and fiercely condemned by Democrats. The Tariff was designed to protect northern manufacturers from foreign competition to boost the nation’s economy. The tariff already in place had created a surplus, a sum of money that many did not believe that congress was using lawfully. After Harrison was elected as President, the congress earnedc the infamous name “The Billion-Dollar Congress”

                                                     

                      - Harrison and the Billion Dollar Congress portrayed wasting the surplus

As of yesterday, November 6th, Benjamin Harrison was elected as our new president of the United States, who wouldn't be thrilled over this? Harrison defeated Cleveland with an electoral vote of 223 with the help of New York and Indiana. Harrison plans to give us protective tariffs, sound currency, pensions for Civil War veterans, and efficiency in office. While, all Cleveland could offer was the return of confederate flags to the southern states. Our businesses will now flourish with the protection on our own goods. For the next four years, America will advance and we will become admirable to all other countries.

Based on a larger number of electoral votes than his opponent, Harrison is officially the US President of the 1888 election. Harrison, the republican candidate got 233 electoral votes, and his opponent, the previous president Grover Cleveland received only 168 electoral votes and was not re-elected into office. Cleveland received a larger percentage of popular votes than Harrison, but because Harrison received the most electoral votes, he will be sworn in. As the map shows, most citizens of the North and west coast voted for the republican candidate, and people of the South voted for the opposing party. This voting pattern separated between the North and south was very similar in the previous election of 1880 when the republican party gained votes from a few states, including California and Nevada. Although the election of 1884 voted in a democratic president, this election has brought the republican candidate back in office.