~The Moon~
#rockinreview #eclipses #platetectonics #rockandrolls #braincellsinuse
MaKayla C.

Above is the moon cycle. Below is how the moon affects the tide.

Waxing Moon- the moon at any time after new moon and before full moon

Waning Moon- the moon at any time after full moon and before new moon

Gibbous Moon- It’s when the Moon is more than half full, but not quite fully illuminated.

Crescent Moon- is part way between a half moon and a new moon, or between a new moon and a half moon.

The pattern of the Waxing and Waning Moon are similar in many ways due to the positions, they're just different due to the time of the cycle. The Waxing Moon increases its visibility while the Waning Moon decreases.

Lunar Cycle-The moons full cycle... a lunar cycle last for about 27.5 days

Earth's Seasons/Eclipses

Terms

Copernicus changed our understanding of astronomy when he proposed that the sun, not Earth, was the center of the solar system. This led to our modern understanding of the relationship between the sun and Earth.

We have seasons due to the turn of the Earth and the seasons are marked by solstices and equinoxes, also by tracking the rising and setting points of the sun throughout the year will help you deciede what season it is.

During the winter, the sun's rays hit the Earth at a shallow angle. These rays are more spread out, which minimizes the amount of energy that hits any given spot, and that is why it isn't as warm in the winter as it is in the winter.

The eclipse is when the moon blocks out the Sun so it makes the moon red and the Sun dark, but during different moon phases the moon is just changing its poistion and how much light is reflecting from the Sun.

We basically have night and day because day the Earth rotates, and it spins on its axis slowly.

Equinox-the time or date (twice each year) at which the sun crosses the celestial equator, when day and night are of equal length (about September 22 and March 20).

Solstice- either of the two times in the year, the summer solstice and the winter solstice, when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon, marked by the longest and shortest days.

Plate Tectonics

Definitions

Convergent- coming closer together, especially in characteristics or ideas.

Divergent- tending to be different or develop in different directions.

Transformation- make a thorough or dramatic change in the form, appearance, or character of.

Convection Currents- a current in a fluid that results from convection.

Rift Zone- is a feature of some volcanoes, especially shield volcanoes, in which a linear series of fissures in the volcanic edifice allows lava to be erupted from the volcano's flank instead of from its summit.

Subduction Zone- is the biggest smash-up on Earth, marking the collision between two of the planet's tectonic plates, the pieces of crust that slowly move across the surface over millions of years. When two tectonic plates meet, one may slide underneath the other, curving down into the mantle.

Channel Scablands- The Channeled Scablands are a barren, relatively soil-free landscape in eastern Washington, scoured clean by a flood unleashed when a large glacial lake drained. They are a geologically unique erosional feature in the U.S. state of Washington.

Alfred Wegener- was a German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist.

Juan de Fuca Plate is off the coast of Washington.

When the plates shift the Earth is going togetherformng to ridges and mountains.

Currents play a role in plate tectonics because Convection currents in the magma drive plate tectonics.

Different Rocks

Definitions

Sedimentary- a rock that has formed from sediment deposited by water or air.

Metamorphic- denoting rock that has undergone transformation by heat, pressure, or other natural agencies, in the folding of strata or the nearby intrusion of igneous rocks.

Igneous- a rock having solidified from lava or magma.

Stratification- is a system or formation of layers, classes, or categories.

Stratification rocks

Examples

Sedimentary- sandstone

Metamorphic- phyllite

Igneous- granite

Geologists saw the effects of floods, earthquakes and volcanic eruption, as well as the less dramatic but still noticeable changes brought about by freezing and thawing through the seasons, and by erosion as rains, rivers, and streams washed away bits of earth and sediment, helped them see the how the age of landforms can be estimated by studying the number and thickness of rock layers, as well as fossils found within rock layers.

Some geologic events that could have caused huge blocks of horizontal sedimentary layers to be tipped or older rock layers to be on top of younger rock layers are erosion as rains, rivers, and streams washed away bits of earth and sediment, and other geologic events could have happened.

Coral reefs are not only spectacular marine environments, but they are one of the oldest ecosystems (community of plants and animals interacting with their environment) on Earth. They are created by colonies of organisms called coral polyps (pronounced PAH-lips).

Brain Cells

Definitions

Cell- the smallest structural and functional unit of an organism, typically microscopic and consisting of cytoplasm and a nucleus enclosed in a membrane. Microscopic organisms typically consist of a single cell.  

The main structural differences between plant and animal cells lie in a few additional structures found in plant cells. These structures include: chloroplasts, the cell wall, and vacuoles.

Muscel Cell- Main functions of a muscel cell are to produce movement through force and to maintain posture.

Nerve Cell- Neurons are highly specialised to transmit messages from one part of your body to another.

Blood Cell- There are three types of blood cells; red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. These microscopic cells are responsible for many things. The three basic functions of blood cells are to transport oxygen throughout the body, fight infection and to stop bleeding.  

In a unicellular organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions independently. However, multicellular (many celled) organisms have various levels of organization within them. Individual cells may perform specific functions and also work together for the good of the entire organism. The cells become dependent on one another.

Your digestive and respiratory systems, at first glance, seem very separate in their activities. In reality, however, the systems work together intimately in several ways. The results of respiratory activity allow the digestive tract to function, and vice versa. Furthermore, the systems work together to provide energy to body cells.

Digestive

Circulatory

Respiratory

Paramecium