Pop Art Overview

Ben Day Dots- Commercial Printing
The Ben-Day dots printing process, named after illustrator and printer Benjamin Henry Day, Jr., is a technique dating from 1879.

Roy Lichenstein
October 27, 1923 – September 29, 1997

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:     Drowning Girl Artist Roy Lichtenstein Year1963 Type Pop Art, oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvasDimensions171.6 cm × 169.5 cm (67 5⁄8 in × 66 3⁄4 in) Location Museum of Modern Art, New York City

Drowning Girl (also known as Secret Hearts or I Don't Care! I'd Rather Sink) is a 1963 painting in oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvas by Roy Lichtenstein. Utilizing the conventions of comic book art, a thought bubble conveys the thoughts of the figure, while Ben-Day dots echo the effect of the mechanized printing process. It is one of the most representative paintings of the pop art movement, and part of the Museum of Modern Art's permanent collection since 1971. The painting is considered among Lichtenstein's most significant works. Drowning Girl has been described as a "masterpiece of melodrama", and is one of the artist's earliest images depicting women in tragic situations, a theme to which he often returned in the mid-1960s.

Pop artists depersonalized  experiences  and  subject matter by using  "the look" or "aesthetic" of commercial art production.  Art exploring  social topics like the Vietnam War, Civil Rights and   personal topics such as romance was expressed in parody using a comic book style.  

Peter Gee Anti-Vietnam War pop art poster:

Robert Indiana (American, born 1928). The Confederacy: Alabama, 1965. Oil on canvas, 70 x 60 in. (177.8 x 152.4 cm). Miami University Art Museum, Oxford, Ohio, Gift of Walter and Dawn Clark Netsch. © 2013 Morgan Art Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

The stuttering women of romance comics- Source: Proofreader.com


Parody is a kind of comedy that imitates and mocks individuals or a piece of work. However, when it mingles with satire, it makes satire more pointed and effective. Most importantly, a parody appeals to the reader’s sense of humor. He enjoys the writer poking fun at the set ideals of society and becomes aware of the lighter side of an otherwise serious state of affairs. Source: http://literarydevices.net/parody/

Roy Lichtenstein making Ben-day Dots, the hallmark of his Pop-art:

Facial expressions

Is it easier to communicate in a multicultural society? People who live in diverse areas are better at reading facial expressions

  • Study looked at communication in multicultural and homogenous countries
  • Those in multicultural places without a shared language rely more on nonverbal expressions of emotion to show others what they are thinking

By Sarah Griffiths for MailOnline

The study found that despite differences, people across the world identify the same three kinds of smiles - reward, affiliation and dominance - and that the frequency with which the three are deployed also vary in parallel with a country’s historical heterogeneity, or multicultural nature.

‘Two of the main tasks you could imagine being important to a group of people with mixed cultural backgrounds are affiliation, creating and maintaining social bonds, and reward - telling people what’s good and what’s bad,’ he added.

‘In homogenous cultures, they have hierarchies that have been established over the course of many, many generations, and they tend to view dominance smiles as more frequent or important.’

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3047472/Is-easier-communicate-multicultural-society-People-live-diverse-areas-better-reading-facial-expressions.html#ixzz3fK2qB7Gj

The way words look communicates different  meanings

The layout of words communicates different meanings




Onomatopoeia is usually cited as a poetic effect. That makes sense because poetry is all about communicating emotion using the interplay between sound and meaning. The way Edgar Allan Poe uses onomatopoeia in "The Bells" illustrates how onomatopoeic words can change the flavor of a single concept (in this case the sound of bells). In his poem, sleigh bells are "tinkling", but fire bells are "clanging", wedding bells are "chiming", while funeral bells are "tolling," "moaning," and --- "groaning".


Although ubiquitous in comics, much of the onomatopoeia in comics remains tied to one author or character and become kind of a signature. There is even a super villain named Onomatopoeia. He imitates noises around him, such as dripping taps, gunshots etc. A nice thing about onomatopoeia is that people often make new ones, by imitating the sound and combining letters until they have something that sounds like it.

Sound Effect Words in Comics



Onomatopoeia is a staple part of comic book lore.

Large, bold, printed words to describe the sounds made (usually during fight scenes) have been a means of portraying noise since comic books first came to be way back in 1933.

You know the ones – words like “pow”, “whack” and “bang” are used to represent impact when a fist hits a face or a body hits a wall. It’s really quite charming!

The Adam West Batman television series in the 1960s used the same concept to great effect (see below in a video where the titular hero goes up against his long-time enemy the Penguin):