Equivalent Fractions are fractions that have the same value and represent the same ratio. In the picture above, the first fractions is 1/2, the second is 2/4, the last is 4/8. Although the numbers in the numerators and denominators are different, they all represent the same value of .5 and the ratio of 1 to 2.
And then we have improper fractions.
Improper fractions are simply fractions with a value greater than 1. In other words, the numerator is greater than the denominator. 5/4 is an example. Since we are accustomed to fractions being a part of the whole it is sometimes hard to understand that an improper fraction is more than a the whole.
It just seems wrong, or "improper". But, these fractions follow the same rules as all other fractions.
But what do fractions mean? How do we get a value and place them on a number line?
Turning fractions into values. Any rational number can be written as a fraction, that means as a numerator divided by a denominator.