What types of nuclear medicine is there?
There are lots of types of nuclear medicine such as.....(http://www.rhodeislandhospital.org/services/diagnostic-imaging/nuclear-medicine/types-of-nuclear-scans.html)
- Thyroid Scan
This test evaluates the function of the gland in addition to evaluating a nodule felt by the patient's doctor. It can also be used to evaluate a patient who has a history of thyroid cancer.
- Bone Scan
For patients with a known cancer, bone scans are used to look for cancer which has spread to the bones. This test is also helpful to look for a cause of bone pain, such as infection in the bone (osteomyelitis), fracture or arthritis.
- Kidney (Renal) Scan
A renal scan is used to test how well the kidneys are working. It can be used to look for scarring of the kidneys.
- PET Scan
A PET scan gives an overview of metabolic activity in the body. It is used in the diagnosis and staging of cancers.
What is Nuclear Medicine?
- Nuclear medicine is a branch of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material to diagnose and determine the severity of or treat a variety of diseases, including many types of cancers, heart disease, gastrointestinal, endocrine, neurological disorders and other abnormalities within the body.
2. Diagnostic and therapeutic medical techniques using radiosondes or radioisotopes.
History of Nuclear Medicine
"Nuclear medicine first became recognised as a potential medical speciality in 1946 when it was described by Sam Seidlin in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Seidlin reported on the success of radioactive iodine (I-131) in treating a patient with advanced thyroid cancer. Later, the use of I-131 was expanded to applications such as thyroid gland imaging, hyperthyroidism treatment and quantification of thyroid function." (New-medicine.net). Since then nuclear medicine has been used for frequently to treat certain diagnoses, also with not only working to treat these diagnoses they are also trying to make it as safe as it can be.
this one of the types of machines they use for Nuclear Medicine