The Evolution Communist Theory
+ Practice

Part 1: Marx

"Capital is dead labor, which, vampire-like, lives only by sucking living labor, and lives the more, the more labor it sucks." - Karl Marx

- The historical content that allowed communist theory to develop and become popular was because at the time Russia was going through industrialization very quick. Factories were double between 1863 and 1900. As an end result, Russia was became over populated, there was poor working conditions, child labor, and a lack in food products.

- Marx's solution was for better working conditions and believed that revolution is caused simultaneously against the proletariat and the czar. He also believed that everyone will have equal power.

Part 2: Lenin

"A lie told often enough becomes the truth."– Vladimir Lenin

- The historical content at the time that allowed Lenin's ideas to become popular was the Bloody Sunday, the Russo-Japanese War, World War 1, and the March Revolution.

- Lenin's solution to this was to make New Economic Policy. He was inspired by Marx's ideas. He believed that to achieve a revolution the peasants had to be pushed and were incapable of leading a revolution. He believed that everyone will have equal power but will need a strong government system. He did agree with Marx on some occasions. They both agreed that history was the story of class struggle and agreed capitalism vs. proletariat.

Part 3: Zedong

"Politics is war without bloodshed while war is politics with bloodshed." - Mao Zedong

- The historical content that made Zedong's ideas become popular was at the time China was humiliatingly defeated as a result of imperialism and foreign countries controlled their economy.

- Both Marx and Zedong believed in communism. However, Marx believed that a revolution could only start in industrialized nations and Zedong believed it would start in a rural country. Also Zedong believed that extreme violence is the only way to seize power, while Marx believed that the revolution would be lead by the working class.

Part 4: Backlash

Reactions against communist theory and practice in Italy & Germany during the Inter-war years (1919-1939)

- In Italy political tensions between the Fascists and the Communists mounted to the point of civil war. Fascist and the Communists were often seen battling in the street. Eventually Mussolini (Founder of the Fascist Party) used his private army to purge local governments of any opposition to Fascism.

- In Germany a new party stepped out it was the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi Party) and in February 1933, when the Reichstag building was set on fire, Hitler (leader of the Nazi Party) accused the Communists of being responsible for this act of anarchy.

Part 5: Connection

Venezuela's socialism

- Venezuela still remains socialist today. In January 2007, shortly after winning re-election, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez declared: “We’re moving toward a socialist republic of Venezuela” (Guardian [London], 10 January 2007). The National Assembly then passed an “enabling law” granting the president authority to issue decrees. In December 2007, Chávez suffered a major setback when his plan to amend the country’s constitution in a “socialist” direction was narrowly defeated in a national referendum. Chávez has since promised to slow the pace of change, yet the so-called “Bolivarian Revolution,” which has mobilized millions of workers and poor people and excited many of the world’s ostensibly “Marxist” organizations, has always stood for the preservation of capitalist property.

Part 6: Reaction/ So What?

Christopher Perez
Period 3

- The reason why I am against communism, its not because it has caused wars. Its fairly a good system, it has only fail because of a human flaw. People are supposed to share the work and be the same class but you get the typical people that are lazy and don't do their share of work. Communism has good ideas but will never work because of humans incompetence.

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