Western Cordillera Region Promotional Flyer!
The Western Cordillera is an amazing place to be. From the beautiful views from the top of the mountains, to the amazing climate, there is so much to do. Like skiing in the winter or fishing in the summer, and so much more. However who only said it's amazing to only be there and enjoy the weather. The Western Cordillera is also known for its many unique features, like the fish in the Pacific or the crystalized rocks in the mine. That means the Western Cordillera provides many business opportunities, like building wind turbans, on the tops of the Western Cordillera mountains.
The western cordillera is located in the Yukon territories and British Columbia. The entire area is mostly made up of mountain ranges and flat plateaus. The area is covered in many lakes, forests and is beside the Pacific ocean. The mountains in the western cordillera are relatively new and therefore very tall and rough compared to older mountain ranges. The Western Cordillera contains lowland plains with glacial moraines in the west and uplands with plateaus and rocky hills in the east. The Cordillera lies west of the Interior Plains and has steep mountainous terrain with narrow valleys, plateaus and plains. There are ice fields and many of the highest peaked mountains in North America are found in the St. Elias Mountains on the Yukon Pacific coast. The Western Cordillera is mostly jagged with many mountains. It consists of the Rocky Mountains, and the Coast Mountains. The Rockies are separated by several valleys, and plateaus, while the Columbia Mountain Ranges are steep, rugged mountans with glaciers. The Coast Mountains is a region covered with forests and has fiords.
There are many links between landforms and natural resources in the Cordillera. When the Western Cordillera was formed by the plates colliding together minerals was formed with it. Since the mountains in the Western Cordillera is a type of rock, minerals are found in them. The minerals found in this region are copper, iron, coal, silver, zinc, lead and nickel. These minerals were formed in the western parts of the Cordillera, while fossil fuels, namely coal, oil and natural gas was formed on the eastern part of the Cordillera. Coal is one of the major minerals found in this region. Coal was formed form the remains of plants from millions of years ago.
Since the Western Cordillera has good vegetation in areas, and minerals located in the mountains. Many economic activates was formed there. In the Western Cordillera there is many forests where the climate is very wet and there is lots of precipitation in the costal areas. There are logging industries, paper industries, etc. There is also lots of agriculture in the Western Cordillera, because there is many areas where the climate and the soil located in different parts of the Cordillera is fitted for farming. In the Western Cordillera the areas near the Pacific have many fishing industries. Since the mountains located in the Western Cordillera has a lot of minerals, mining industries are present to collect all the minerals.
In the Western Cordillera the dry valleys and lower slopes have amazing recreational use, including hiking, cycling, horseback riding and some hunting and fishing. Most of the major lakes are lucrative tourist attractions, thanks to the many beaches and hot summers of this ecozone. Land-use conflicts are common in the valleys as a result of the pressure from the agricultural, recreational, transportation and industrial sectors, as well as urban development and the needs of wild.
The Western Cordillera is an amazing place for both recreational activities and economic activates. The Western Cordillera has many mountains located all across the Cordillera, and those mountains is a great use for an economic project of building short wind turbines, that are going to be built deep in to the tops of the Western Cordillera mountains. This is because it is very windy when the elevation is high, like the tops of the mountains. This can produce a lot of wind energy all over the Western Cordillera, so people can use more renewable energy source than the non-renewable, helping with global warming.
The Western Cordillera has many different kinds of weather patterns because of the vast mountainous terrain located in all of Western Cordillera. For example, mountain valleys trap the warm air allowing the vegetation to grow. However, mountains have a much colder temperature than the mountain valleys due to their high elevation. The clouds get pushed up the mountains slopes from the wind. As the clouds travel up the mountain, they collect moisture. When the clouds get to heavy to continue to climb, the result is that most of the moisture falls as rain or snow in the higher elevations leaving little moisture in the valley bottoms. Also within the Cordillera region the further away from the equator one travels the colder the temperatures are. This makes the northern part of the region colder than the southern. During the summer months, areas close to the shoreline create unpredictable windstorms that come in the west coast. As elevation increases the more you go up the mountains, the amount of wind increase greatly causing it to be very windy with strong wind then when the elevation is low. Western Cordillera’s climate is very unpredictable because of its changing surface causing it to be very hard to tell what the climate is going to be.
In the Southwest coastal plains it has mild, cold winters, and warm summers. It also gets fewer days with below-freezing temperatures than anywhere else in Canada. Therefore, this has resulted in long growing seasons, making the plains good for farming. The Western slopes of the Coast mountains get the most precipitation. It gets as high as 20000mm each year in some areas in the Coast mountains. However the east side of the mountains is much drier and doesn't get as much precipitation. In other words when this happens it is called Relief precipitation. The mountains located in the Interior plains usually have cold winters and cool summers. Valleys between mountains stay warm and dry, especially in the summer. In the winter, cold and artic air are blown through the eastern mountain chain into the interior plains.
The climate of the Western Cordillera mountains is very cold compared to other areas in the Western Cordillera because of its high elevation. The climate at the Western Cordillera mountains is not only cold but it is also windy because the wind is what pushes the clouds up the mountain slopes. This means that by the time the clouds get pushed up the mountain slopes it is going to be a very cold and windy climate at the top of the Western Cordillera mountain. This means that the wind turbines is going to get lots of wind if it is built on the top of the Western Cordillera mountains, and produce lots of wind energy that is renewable all over Yukon and BC.
Vegitantion and Soil
The soils found in the Western cordillera are complex soils. Complex soils means that there is different types of soils in the area. The windward side of the Cordillera mountains, there is wet climate soils and the high elevations on the mountains there is cold climate soils. On the leeward side of the mountains, there is dry climate soils. The soils are different type of soils because of the distance and where the soil is located in the Western Cordillera.
Depending on the elevation the soil type varies. On the peaks, the soil layer is very thin, and unsuitable for vegetation. On the surface, the soils are more fertile and suitable for different types of vegetation. The natural vegetation of the Cordillera varies greatly. The rainfall, temperature, soils and elevations affect the type of vegetation that grows there. The east side is hot and dry, therefore, grasses and cacti grow in this area. The soil here is similar to the prairies and requires constant irrigation. The west coast forest however, have very heavy precipitation levels as a rainforest is located in this region. Forests of coniferous trees grow in this region and are important for the logging industries. On the much higher elevations, very little vegetation can survive, such as bushes, shrubs etc. This kind of vegetation in the Cordillera is very similar to the Tundra. However if you go even higher up the mountains, no vegetation can survive. Therefore, the Western Cordillera has a mixed vegetation and mixed soil types.
The soil located in the Western Cordillera is complex soil because there is different types of soil, and all kinds of vegetation can grow form the different kinds of soil. However the soil on the tops of the mountains is very thin and unsuitable for vegetation. Therefore building wind turbines at the tops of the mountains is a good location. This is because the soil on the tops of the mountains is bad for vegetation, if wind turbines were to be built, they would not be harming the soil and take up the space for vegetation. That means building wind turbines on the tops of the Western Cordillera mountains will not harm the soil and vegetation, but still get benefited with renewable energy all over Yukon, and BC.
The Western Cordillera was formed from the collision of the North American plate and the Pacific plates. During this collision, the Pacific plate sub ducted itself under the North American plate, resulting in a lot of folding, faulting and volcanic activity. When two of these plates crashed together they pushed up through the earth's surface making many different shaped mountains forming the Western Cordillera.
On the east coast lie the Eastern Mountains, comprised of the Rockies and the Columbian mountains. In the middle lies the Interior Plateaus and to the western side lie the Coast Mountains. The rocks that are found in the Western Cordillera are metallic minerals, which are found in Igneous rock, non-metallic minerals which include some Metamorphic rocks and Sedimentary rock, and energy minerals which consist of petroleum, coal and natural gas.
The Rockies are made up of Sedimentary rock and as a result, there are many fossils and coal deposits found in this region. The Columbian mountains contain Sedimentary rock, but also contain Metamorphic rock, which is why many metallic minerals are found. The Interior Plateaus are made up of Metamorphic rock and Igneous rock due to volcanic activity. There are many metallic minerals found such as gold. The Coast Mountains are made up of Igneous rock as a result of cooling magma from the immense pressure from the moving plates. The magma also melted the overlying crust, resulting in metamorphic rock.
The Western Cordillera mountains are made from different type of rocks. For example, the Rockies are made from Sedimentary rocks, while the Interior Plateaus is made up of Metamorphic rock and Igneous rock. Depending on where the wind turbines are going to be built, how strongly secure they are to the ground depends on the mountain rock type. So if the wind turbines were built on the Rockies they wont be as secure as the wind mills built on the Interior Plateaus. This is because Sedimentary rock is a very weak type of rock made form sediments compared to Igneous rock made from cooled magma. Therefore if the windmills were built on the Rockies they wont be as secure in the mountain than the wind mills built on the Interior Plateaus, which may cause damage to the wind turbines on the Rockies if something sevear was to happen.
Volcanoes may seem to be non-existent in Canada. However there has been only one volcanic eruption in Canada in more recent historical times, but there are many dormant volcanoes in western Canada, mostly in northwestern British Columbia. The entire Western Cordillera remains geologically active. Therefore, there is a possibility of an eruption. Volcanic eruptions occurred near the Whistler Ski Centre in BC only a few thousand years ago.
The continuing movement of the North American and the Pacific plates in this area makes the West Coast of Canada the most active earthquake region in the country. Seismologists have locate more than 1000 earthquakes in western Canada. The Pacific Coast is the most earthquake prone region of Canada. In the offshore region to the west of Vancouver Island, more than 100 earthquakes of magnitude 5 or greater, have occurred during the past 70 years. Most of the earthquakes are happening along the west coast because it is related to the breaks in the earth's crust. The surface of the earth is always changing, as the earth's crust is made up of “plates" that are constantly moving to one another and when they meet they can diverge to make an earthquake.
If an earthquake was to happen in Western Cordillera the wind mills will be highly effected by it. This is because when an earthquake happens it is shaking the ground and anything that is up high is going to be shaken quit badly and damage the objects that are located up high. That means that if an earthquake is to happen the wind turbans will be highly effected by the earthquake, because it is located up high on the Western Cordillera mountains. This means that if an earthquake is to happen it will damage the wind turbines greatly, because the earthquake can cause damage to the system or it can break it down completely if it is a very sever earthquake. However, if it was a Volcanic eruption it may cause some damage to the wind turbines, but it can be fixed because it doesn't cause very severe damage as an earthquake because it is not shaking the ground as much and hard as and earthquake does.
Influence of Climate Change
Climate change can have a significant impacts on the future water resources of Canada. The leeward slopes of the Western Cordillera can cause changes to the amount of snow and ice resources could have bad effects on Cordillera. In certain years, large snow pack conditions can result in risks of flooding in several communities. This means that lots of economic activates like irrigation, and agriculture can have lots of problems, because they rely on the amount, and the timing of water supplies from the water supplies of the Cordillera. However, there isn't much information on the future impacts of climate change on the Western Cordillera because of our limited knowledge.
Climate change can also effect the wind turbine project, but not by the water supply, but by the acronym L.O.W.E.R.N.
L = Latitude
The Western Cordillera is located all through BC and Yukon. Yukon is located higher north than BC, where BC is located more lower south. That means BC is more closer to the equator than Yukon. Making Yukon much colder than BC. However, because Yukon is located much more higher north, there is more, and stronger wind than there is in BC. This is because the more the latitude is farther away it is from the equator the more colder and windy it gets. This means that Yukon gets much more wind than BC. So if the wind turbines where to be built on the Western Cordillera mountains. The wind turbines in BC wont get as much wind as the wind turbines located in Yukon. So the wind turbines will not be producing the same amount of renewable energy source as the turbines in Yukon. Causing BC not to have as much renewable electricity compared to Yukon.
O = Ocean Currents, N = Near Water
The Western Cordillera is located next to a body of water, the Pacific. That means it is very windy near the water than it is away from the body of water. If the wind turbines were to built on the mountains of the Western Cordillera the mountains near the water source will get more wind than the wind turbines further in land. Therefore the wind turbines that are away from the water source will not produce as much wind energy as the wind turbans near the water because there is not enough wind to cause the turbines to rotate.
W = Wind
The wind turbines are going to be located on the tops of the mountains. If a wind current was to come, it would help out the project greatly. This is because the wind current will be able to come and go to the wind turbines easily. When the wind comes it will hit the bottom part of the mountain and start to travel upwards towards the top of the mountain, and reach the wind turbines. The wind can help the wind turbines to rotate faster, and longer producing more wind energy. So it can be used in all of Western Cordillera, and less non-renewable energy sources will be used helping out with global warming.
E = Elevation
If the wind turbines were to be built Elevation will help with the project greatly. This is because when the wind comes and hits the bottom of the mountains the wind will be elevated upwards towards the top of the Western Cordillera mountains causing it to be windy at the top of the mountains. This will help the wind turbines greatly by causing them to rotate and create wind energy that can be used in all of the Western Cordillera.
R = Relief
The Western Cordillera mountains have 2 sides. The windward side, and the leeward side. The windward side is warm, and wet air while the leeward side is warm and dry air. If the wind turbines were to be built they can be built all over the windward side of the mountain because the warm, wet air will travel up the mountain towards the top of the mountain causing, the turbines to rotate and produce wind energy. However on the windward side it is very rainy because the wet air cools as it goes up the mountain, and turns to clouds and rains. The rain might be able to affect the wind turbines and cause it damage. If the wind turbines were to be built on the leeward side the warm and dry wind is going to be traveling down the mountain, causing the wind turbines to rotate and produce wind energy, but not as much as the windward side because the wind is very dry and it is going down the mountain, making it harder for the wind turbines to rotate. However, because the climate is dry, the wind turbines will not be affected by the climate and cause it damage.
The Western Cordillera mountains is an amazing place to build these wind turbines. This is because the wind turbines are going to be built on the tops of the mountains where the elevation is very high. Which causes it to be very windy and perfect for the wind turbines to rotate. As they rotate they keep creating wind energy that can be used all over Yukon and BC, and lowers the use of non-renewable resources. Which in the end can help out with global warming. The wind turbans provide lots of energy and makes great use of the Western Cordillera mountains without hurting the soil and the vegetation. The climate is good and windy to keep the turbines spinning and the rock that make up the Western Cordillera mountains keep the wind turbines secure at all times.