-The neolithic site of Catal Huyuk was first discovered in the late 1950's and excavated by James Mellaart in four excavation in 1961 and 1965. The site became famous internationally due to the large size dense occupationof the settlement, as well as the spectacular wall.
-In 1958 archaeologist discover the agricultural village now known as Catal Huyuk, or the forked mound. It was located on a fertile plain in South-Central Turkey. Catal Huyuk covered an area of about 32 acres.
-At its peak 8,000 years ago, the village was home to 5,000 to 6,000 people who lived in about 1,000 dwellings. Catal Huyuk showed the benefits of settled life. It's rich, well-watered soil produced large crops of wheat ,barley , and peas. Catal Huyuk's prosperity also varied culture.