The Crucible:
Annotated Bibliography

Bridget Garner, Maelyn Bunn, Lauren Parker
Bethany Thornell
Ap Language and Composition
22 April 2014

"An Account of the Salem Witchcraft Investigations, Trials, and Aftermath."An Account of the Salem Witchcraft Investigations, Trials, and Aftermath. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2014.

From the months of June through September of 1692 there were nineteen men and women who were hanged in the Gallows Hills for being convicted of witchcraft. Some people were put on trial but others were put straight in jail for mouths with no trial. A man over eighty was put to death by being stoned because he refused trail on witchcraft charges. The Salem Witch trials didn’t last very long because of the panic that swept through Puritan Massachusetts ended.

"Arthur Miller Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014

Arthur Miller was born in Harlem, New York in 1915 and raised in a moderately affluent household until his family lost everything in the Wall Street crash of 1929.  After high school he worked odd jobs to be able to attend the University of Michigan. He then moved back east to produce plays for stage. His first critical and popular success was Death of a Salesman, which opened on Broadway in 1949. His very colorful public life was painted in part by his rocky marriage to Marilyn Monroe, and his refusal to cooperate with the House of Un-American Activities Committee. His third marriage was to Inge Morath, whom he had two children with. His son was born with downs syndrome and he insisted that he have nothing to do with him. Later his son in law visited Miller’s son frequently and convinced the playwright to re unite with his now adult son. In 2002 his third wife passed away and he promptly found another wife in 34-year-old Agnes Barley. They planned to marry but on February 10, 2005, Miller, surrounded by Barley, family, and friends, died of heart failure. He was eighty-nine.

"Arthur Miller McCarthyism." PBS. PBS, 23 Aug. 2006. Web. 08 Apr. 2014.

Joseph Mc carthy was a senator that made accusations that more the 200 communists had entered or gained access to the US government. “Mc Carthyism” was the paranoid hunt for communist. Punishments included things like passport confiscation and even jailed if the suspect would provide any other names of potential communists. During this time 320 artists were blacklisted for being accused as communists.

Hoyt, Alia. "How McCarthyism Worked." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.

Though Mc Carthy did not cause death or genocides he was able to cause a hysteria through out the nation. Mc Carthyism can also be defined as , “the political practice of publicizing accusations of disloyalty or subversion with insufficient regard to evidence”. This was not the first time that Americans had heard of communism; America had already experienced the red scare after WWI. At this time the Cold War was just beginning. Rumors were spread that even some of America’s own government officials were secret communists. Sense being a communists isn’t actually illegal, Mc Carthy found that he could punish the suspects by charging them with the act of subversion, undermining the power and authority of an established system or institution.

"The List: A Modern Day Witch Hunt in Utah." Immigration Impact. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.

A group of people in Utah made a list of “undesirables,” which contained the names and personal information of hundreds of people. These people were allegedly unauthorized immigrants, and a letter instructing government agencies to begin deportation accompanied the list. The list seems to contain a mix of information that is true and false, and isn’t a surprise considering Utah’s mixed record on immigration. According to Utah legislators, the state cannot afford to alienate their immigrant population, and become like Arizona. The idea that a group put a list of names for the government to investigate sends a chill down your spine and brings back memories of McCarthyism and the Salem Witch Trials.

"Witch Hunt Against Gays | News." The Moscow Times. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2014.

Attacks on homosexuals has become as much of a trademark in Russia as St. Basil’s Cathedral. On October 11, 2012 thirty people who knew how the alarm system worked attacked a gay bar. Multiple people were injured and some were even hospitalized, the police arrived thirty minutes after the group had gone. People are regularly beaten up whenever they try to hold a gay-pride parade, even foreign activist have been attacked. Even on Moscow's main street, Tverskaya Ulitsa, across from the mayor's office. There is also another opinion in Russia, the opinion of those who are for Russia’s strong cultural background and disagree with homosexuality. Some believe that the gay community and their behavior are to blame for the attack on the gay bar, and that the attack was only a warning to them. Even priests say that the scriptures tell them to stone homosexuals and rid the land of them. The people believe that if the government won’t rid the land of homosexuals, then they will. The priests only response is that they are sorry they are a priest and cannot help. Though not all agree with this view; some believe that it is God’s place, not man’s, to punish those who sin. They say that attacking homosexuals will not make a pure country, only create a fascist one. In the Middle Ages, every witch hunt involved repression of Jews. In the 21st century, gays are the new Jews. They are visible, disliked by many in society and a very convenient target for fascists of all stripes. Countries with repressive political regimes are usually noted for their intolerance of homosexuality.

"Witchcraft in Salem." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2014.

Teenage girls would scream, bark like a dog and do strange dances in the woods. People in Salem saw the strange behavior and called on the town doctor, he said they were bewitched. A man named Tituba would have girls gather in his kitchen and became his followers, the girls would dance a black magic dance as the towns people would call it. The girls would name their “tormentors” for them to be put on trial. There where five types of trials: The accused might be asked to pass a test, Physical evidence like birthmarks, warts, moles etc., Witness testimony, Spectral evidence, and then Confession. There were theories to if the girls were really bewitched or if they were just looking for attention.

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