Founder of the Americas

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus's Background

Christopher Columbus was born in 1451 in Genoa Italy, and died in Valladoid, Spain in 1506. He was a explore in which sailed the Atlantic Ocean in 1492. He was born in Genoa, Italy and died in Valladolid, Spain.

His first voyage into the Atlantic Ocean in 1476 nearly cost him his life. Columbus participated in several other trips to Africa. 1492, Columbus left Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Nina next to him. Columbus has been credited for opening up the Americas to European colonization.

Achievements/Discoveries

Explorer Christopher Columbus’s first trip in 1476 in the Atlantic Ocean nearly killed him. He was attacked by french privateers, his ship was burned and he had to swim to the shore of Portugal and go to Lisbon, Portugal. He married a woman named Felipa Perestrello. They had a son, Diego in about 1480. Soon after that Columbus’s wife died and he moved to Spain. In Spain he had another son named Fernando, he was born out of wedlock in 1488 the woman’s name as Beatriz Enriquez de Arana. Columbus went on many other trips to Africa gaining knowledge of the Atlantic ocean. Columbus made a plan to get to India and China safer than going through the middle East. He estimated that the distance between the Canary Islands and Japan was about 12200 statute miles.he was Rejected by the Portuguese king, Genoa, and Venice. He went to the Spanish monarchy of Isabella of Castille and Ferdinand of Aragon, but he was again rejected. In January of 1492 they agreed to pay for his trip. in August of 1492 he left Spain in the Santa Maria, with the Pinta and the Nina along side. 36 days later Columbus and several crewmen set foot on an island in the present day bahamas claiming it for spain. On his third voyage Columbus got to the mainland exploring the Orinoco River in present-day Venezuela. The Spanish Crown sent a royal official who arrested Columbus and took away his authority. On his 5 trip in 1502 a storm wrecked one of his ships stranding everyone on the island of Cuba. A rescue party finally arrived, sent by the royal governor of Hispaniola in July and Columbus and his men were taken back.

Santa Maria, Pinta, and Nina

Impact on Our World Today

Christopher Columbus's expeditions set in motion the widespread transfer of people, plants, animals, diseases and cultures that greatly affected nearly every society on the planet. The horse from Europe allowed Native American tribes in the Great Plains of North America to shift from a nomadic to a hunting lifestyle. Wheat from Europe and the Old World fast became a food source for people in the Americas. The Exchange also brought new diseases to both hemispheres thought the effects were greatest in the Americas. Smallpox was one of the diseases in which killed millions of the Native American population. Now the Americas were forever altered and the once vibrant and rich cultures of the Native American civilizations were not only changed, but lost, denying the world any complete understanding of their existence.

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