By: Andy Mino
What is Globalization
Globalization is the spread of ideas, cultures, religions, and basic ways of living. It affects us everyday whether we notice it or not. The four main categories of globalization are; economy, culture, technology, and environment. The spread of these things make globalization what it is.
Economy is created by businesses, corporations, companies, and more. They compete with one another, gaining and losing money, creating the economy. The world's economy has been affected by globalization. Many business franchises have spread to multiple countries, creating international competition, while also introducing their ideas and/or products to different groups of people. The spread of businesses across the world is an example of globalization of economy. Another example is where the products that companies make are actually manufactured. 90.6% of our personal computer are made in china. The businesses that came up with the ideas for these computers may be American, Japanese, or anything really; but their products are mainly manufactured in China, who then ships them across the globe.
Culture is another category that is affected by globalization. Culture is how people live, it's what people do, it's their interests and beliefs, etc.. Culture can be spread from country to country and nation to nation because of globalization. When people migrate and move around, they take their culture with them. Things as simple as foods brought from other places can be considered globalization of culture. In the United States, we wouldn't have Chinese or Mexican food without globalization. Then there's more complex things that come with the globalization of culture, such as religions. A new religion can be introduced and incorporated into a country because the idea was brought over by a foreign individual. Places like the United States are so diverse because of this globalization.
Technology is yet another aspect that can be globalized. Technology can be arguably the most globalized idea in the world. Think about your computers, iPhones, cars, TVs, etc. that you may have in your house. The ideas for most of those things came from different countries across the globe. If you drive a Nissan, Toyota, Honda, or any other Japanese car brand, most, if not all, the blueprints and ideas for your cars are made up in Japan. If you drive a BMW, your car was created in Germany, and I could go on and on. The reason the world is progressing so fast in technology is because scientists and engineers from across the world are coming together to create the ideas for all these remarkable things. Most of the objects we take for granted wouldn't be possible without globalization.
The last category of globalization is environment. Environment is everything in nature that surrounds us, from trees, to fields, to oceans. But, how can environment be globalized? Environment can be globalized in many ways. One very good way of globalizing environment is through ideas for farming or conserving our surroundings. People in China may have different strategies of farming than us Americans, but they can teach us their methods in order to spread their ideas on the environment. The globalization of these ideas can lead to a healthier and stronger environment.
Snowboarding and Globalization
You may be wondering why there is a map of China on the screen, well that is because China plays a HUGE role in globalization across the world. China is the leading manufacturing country in the world, they create a huge amount of the goods we own. Many businesses will open factories in China because the labor is cheap and reliable. The Burton Snowboards company is an example of this. My 2010 Burton snowboard was manufactured in China, because they globalized their company to a new nation. Up until 2001 Burton manufactured all their snowboards in America, but once the company heard that they could do the same amount of work, if not more, for a lot less of an expense in China, they moved their company right on down. Because what do businesses want? Profit. The less it costs to make something, the more money that is made. Now don't be mistaken, even though the products themselves are created in China, all the materials gathered to make these products come from many different countries. Oil (for plastic) from Saudi Arabia, pressure-treated wood from the United States, Metals from Japan, and there are many more materials we could list. Already we have four countries listed just to make a snowboard. One snowboard can provide an accurate example of just how important globalization is in the business and manufacturing industry all around the world.
Maps and Globalization
Maps provide an example of where people live and why they choose to live there. Above there are three maps; a population map, natural resources map, and road map. These maps all correlate with one another. Looking at these maps you can see that the population is the most dense where natural resources flourish. Near the borders of China there are reserves of oil, copper, lead, tin, iron, and more. This is where the population is the densest. Humans do not like constantly moving around, so when we find an area with abundant resources, we tend to stick in that area. You'll also notice China's coastline is the most populated region. Where there is ocean there can be trade, communication, and travel with other countries. This gives China more opportunities for wealth and survival, so people will live in that region. So, where you find ocean and resources, you will find a large density of humans.
Problems with Globalization
With all good things, there can be negative effects. Globalization can have it's negatives along with the positives. The risk with the globalization of economy is that when one economy fails, it can affect the economy of the whole world. If a powerful economy such as the United States fell, the whole world would be hugely affected by it. This can be solved. If all the economies work together to become strong again after a fall, the recovery process will be more effective and fast. Globalization of culture can be negative as well. Not all cultures are peaceful and friendly; some may believe that violence or anarchy will solve their problems. Having ideas like these spread in a peaceful place, can negatively affect the people. By disowning these ideas and beliefs, the nations can stay peaceful and happy. Even the spread of technology can be negative. The last thing people need is a powerful weapon of mass destruction getting into the wrong hands. By spreading ideas on warfare technology, the wrong person or nation can learn how to create a weapon that can start another world war. If sensitive topics for technology are kept more secretive, the "wrong person" has less of a chance of getting bad information into their hands.
Globalization and Me
Globalization also affects me in my everyday life. Almost every object in my home would not be there without globalization. My shoes were made in china, my car was made in Japan, my soccer ball was made in Italy, the list could go on and on. I love sushi (which comes from Japan) and without globalization I wouldn't have ever discovered it! Globalization has an enormous affect on every person in the world, just look around you, it's closer than you think.