"Examining alternative policies to deal with the problem of gangs

BY: HARRIETTA, JEREMIAH, KOTAK and RONNIE

1) "A written summary of alternative policy #1"

     a.) What is the policy?

Maintain/Improve Anti - Gang Legislation

      b.) Who proposed the policy?

Most countries in the U.S

      c.) When was the policy proposed and/or put into place?

It was first initiated by Honduras in 2002 through the implementation of “zero tolerance” laws which allowed the government to imprison anyone on suspicion of being a gang member for up to 12 years.

     d.)What are the advantages and disadvantages or their positions?

Disadvantages: The approach to gang legislation does not adequately address these roots, and therefore will not solve the problem. Although suppression would seem like it is necessary, the effects of this policy do not last very long. In El Salvador, for example, these programs have not had any significant reduction in violence

Advantages: The policy initially reduced crime significantly. Moreover, the policy was popular with the public. Furthermore, a State Department report found that in El Salvador there have been no credible reports of police engaging in extrajudicial killings of gang members

2. "A written summary of alternative policy #2"

       a.) What is the policy?

International Cooperation Group

       b.) Who proposed the policy?

An International Cooperation Group allowed countries to address the issue as a whole and coordinate efforts in fighting gangs. The spread and transnational movements of gangs could be worked against, thereby helping to contain the problem.

       c.) When was the policy proposed and/or put into place?

The agreement made  in 2004 by officials from Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic created a database to track criminal organizations and their movements. As a result, gang related arrest warrants can be shared by law enforcement agencies for all of these countries.

       d.) What are the advantages and disadvantages or their positions

Disadvantages: Regional and transnational programs require a high level of commitment from the countries involved. Once an agreement has been made, each country must be able to put the resources, including money and law enforcement, forward to follow through on it. Because many of these countries lack the resources to handle the gang situation within their own country, their ability to handle the larger transnational problem seems almost impossible.

Advantages: Regional and transnational efforts have been receiving the most attention from governments lately due to the solution they offer. By allowing countries to share arrest warrants, countries will be able to keep track of gang members better, and imprison those that have committed a crime.

        

THIS GRAPH SHOWS THE POPULATION IN DIFFERENT CITIES AND COUNTIES.
THIS GRAPH SHOWS HOW GANG POPULATION HAS DECREASED THEN INCREASED THROUGH OUT THE YEARS FORM 1996 TO 2012.

References

Gangs in Central America. (n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://www-pub.naz.edu:9000/~gbower6/alternatives...

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