Holli Rae Hyche and Anna Catherine Wells
4th Period, Mr.Rider
1. About 8,000 Japanese people (both civilians and troops) committed suicide in the beginning of July 1944.They were afraid that the Americans would torture and kill them when Saipan was invaded. Mothers threw their children off cliffs and then followed.
2. There were 6,939 naval ships deployed, holding 195,000 sailors
3.Operation OVERLORD, the invasion of Normandy, is considered the decisive battle of the war in Western Europe.
4. Before this battle the German Army still firmly occupied France and the Low Countries, the Nazi government still had access to the raw materials and industrial capacity of Western Europe, and local resistance to Nazi rule was disorganized and not very effective.
5. After the successful invasion of France and the expansion of the initial beachheads, the Allied armies moved over to the offensive.
6. OVERLORD proved a psychological and physical blow to German military fortunes from which they would never recover.
7. Training maps used fake names.
8. On 5 June 1944, the thousands of ships and craft taking part in Operation NEPTUNE put to sea and began gathering in assembly areas southeast of the Isle of Wight.
9. From there, many passed through the channels swept through the German defensive minefields and moved into their respective waiting areas before dawn on 6 June.
10.Hundreds of antisubmarine escorts and patrol planes protected the flanks of these assault convoys.
11.Between 0530 and 0550, the Allied gunfire support task groups began bombarding prearranged targets along the beaches.
12. June 6, 1944 – The D in D-Day stands for “day” since the final invasion date was unknown and weather dependent.
13. Twelve Allied nations provided fighting units that participated in the invasion, including Australia, Canada, Belgium, France, Czechoslovakia, Greece, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
14. By the end of D-Day over 150,000 troops had landed in Normandy. They pushed their way inland allowing more troops to land over the next several days. By June 17th over half a million Allied troops had arrived and they began to push the Germans out of France.
15.With the invasion of Normandy, General Dwight D, Eisenhower faced a task of magnitude and hazards never before attempted.
16. Hewould have to move his forces 100 miles across the English Channel and storm a heavily fortified coastline.
17. His enemy was the weapon-and-tank-superior German army commanded by Erwin Rommel, one of the most brilliant generals of the war.
18.Less than 15 percent of the Allied forces coming aboard the ships had ever seen combat.
19. Germany had invaded France and was trying to take over all of Europe including Britain. However, Britain and the United States had managed to slow down the expanding German forces. They were now able to turn on the offensive.
20. On the 6th of June. Hundreds of amphibious ships and craft, supported by combatant warships, crossed the English Channel behind dozens of minesweepers. They arrived off the beaches before dawn.
21. American troops landed at Omaha and Utah beaches. The Utah landing was successful, but the fighting at Omaha beach was fierce.
22. Many US soldiers lost their lives at Omaha, but they were finally able to take the beach.
23. After World War II began, Germany invaded and occupied northwestern France beginning in May 1940
24. Eisenhower selected June 5, 1944, as the date for the invasion; however, bad weather on the days leading up to the operation caused it to be delayed for 24 hours.
25. By the end of August 1944, the Allies had reached the Seine River, Paris was liberated and the Germans had been removed from northwestern France, effectively concluding the Battle of Normandy. The Allied forces then prepared to enter Germany, where they would meet up with Soviet troops moving in from the east.
26. By dawn on June 6, thousands of paratroopers and glider troops were already on the ground behind enemy lines, securing bridges and exit roads. The amphibious invasions began at 6:30 a.m.