By Claire Edelman, Michelle You, Edward Sun, Nico Noriega
the symptoms, fever, crisis, and convalescence
(Pre-Revolution) Intolerable Acts: these angered the Americans because of the period of salutary neglect. They believed that they should not be taxed by a country which provided them with no representation. For example, the tax on stamps caused a good deal of anger as seen below. The symptoms of many revolutions including the American Revolution are caused by economic restraints which anger the people. These taxes made people angry enough to produce propaganda suggesting taxation was death, seen in the skull stamp below.
Olive Branch Petition (1775)- Congress asks for recognition of American rights and the end of the Intolerable Acts, but the king rejects the proposal.This added to the tension because America was rejected in their fight to be recognized in parliament. Taxation continued and now that the government in England had explicitly stated that they did not care Americans had something to rally behind. This continued the economic anger that is a symptom of revolution (See below)
Thomas Paine- 1776 published Common Sense, a pamphlet that attacked the system of government by monarchy, anonymously in Philadelphia. This document was very influential throughout the colonies and became propaganda for the revolution. It was rising fever because it enticed people to take a stance and added to their anger in a very tangible way. This escalation of anger is key to revolutions because it is what causes eventual physical confrontation (See below)
Battles of Lexington and Concord (1775)- This was the first engagement between British troops and the Minutemen, who had been warned of the attack by Paul Revere. This battle was known as the "Shot heard around the world" because it started the American Revolution. The people were afraid and for the first time, their rising fever bubbled over into actual physical conflict. Resentment towards the British government broiled into warfare(See below)
Declaration of Independence (1776)Continental Congress- issues the Declaration of Independence. Some important members included George Washington, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson, who would all become important figures in America. This is crisis because it is the creation of a new government system with many of those men clearly in charge. This was a blatant rejection of the previous power, and these new American leaders were trying to establish a new form of government that embodied the ideas of the Revolution.
Treaty of Paris (1783)- The treaty ended the Revolutionary War, and Great Britain recognized American independence. The revolutionary fever declined when the British shared the Mississippi Valley with the Americans. This decline in revolutionary fever lead to a period of restoration as Loyalists left the country and Americans began their system of self-government.