Elements & Principles of Design

By: Samantha Fasciolo

Point: The most basic element of design. This constellation has points, or stars, that show the location of the constellation.
Line: Has only a length dimension. This shell has diagonal lines that run up and down the shell that creates a pattern.
Color: The shades and hues of a design. This Wii box art cover has plenty of colors creating a bright and hard-to-miss design.
Value: The relative lightness or darkness of a design. This art piece has used the darkness of the ball to show off where the light hits it
Shape: A 2D area enclosed by lines or curves. There are different line throughout this piece that create different shapes when connected.
Form: A 3D volume or solid. In a video game, the characters and setting appear 3D even though they are on a flat 2D screen.
Space: Areas between and around parts of an image or the implied depth. There is black separating the stars in this picture to show space.
Texture: The surface look or feel. This cat looks very fluffy and adorable. :)
Balance:Elements within a design are alike in visual weight relative to a center line. The design in this watermelon is even on both sides
Emphasis: Draws attention to a focal point. When you look at this picture, the starfish is the first thing that catches your eye.
Contrast: The degree of relative difference between elements. The yellow happy face stands out from all the similar looking sad faces.
Rhythm: Repeated use of line, shape, color, texture or pattern. There is a repeated use of colored boxes to make different sized bars.
Proportion: The relative size of one object in contrast to another. The baby's feet are being compared to the adult's in this picture.
Unity: The consistent use of design elements. The pencils in this picture are in unity because they are all the same and connected.
Economy: Use of the bare minimum of elements. Very little space on the wall is used to show the meaning behind this street art.
Rectangle: A parallelogram with 90 degree angles. There are several different sizes of rectangle in this picture.
Triangle: A polygon with three sides. There are several triangles in this picture that overlap.
Pi: The numerical value of the circumference of a circle. Since this is a circle, there is a circumference and pi value to it.
Angle: The amount of rotation needed to bring one line or plane into a coincidence with another. Any two lines together forms an angle here.
Ellipse: A shape generated by a point moving in a plane. The sun is the point and the planet's rotation form an ellipse in this example.

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