Why they matter
These wolves have been struggling since the 1980s. They had to be reproduced in captivity and then released again to try and regrow the population in wild. About 5% of the wolf population is due to the reproducing in captivity.
Red wolves are at the top of their food chain, so without them there would be an overpopulation of small animals. Then when the population gets too big, the vegetation couldn't kept up with all the small animals eating it. It could not grow fast enough to keep up with the many small animals eating it. Then all the vegetation would be extinct from the area. Then it would be nothing but small animals, then they would either relocate or go extinct in the are as well. Most likely would go extinct. Because their is no food for them to eat. So they would just starve.
So without the red wolves, the whole ecosystem would collapse.