Athena was the goddess of wisdom, war, and craft (strength or skill.) She protected hero's as they went to fight in war. Her Roman name is Minerva.
Athena's father is Zeus, and her Meris. When Meris was was pregnant with Athena, Zeus swallowed Meris and Athena was born from his head. Fully grown and clothed with armor.
Some of Athena's symbols are a spear, the distaff (used for holding wool), and a aegis (a shield made out of goats skin). Her tree is the olive tree, and her sacred animal is the owl because its considered a "wise" animal.
It is said that Athena invented the plow, bridle, rake, ox yoke, chariot and the flute