The Gupta Empire
The Gupta Empire started after the Mauryan Empire ended. The Gupta Empire was from the late 200s to the late 500s. An empire is a civilization that takes over other territories and unites them under one ruler. The Gupta Empire was India’s “Golden Age.” A Golden Age is a time in a culture’s history where there is peace and prosperity. A man named Chandra Gupta started the Gupta Empire. Ten years into his rule, Chandra Gupta lay dying, and he told his son, Samudra, to rule the whole world. His son tried. Samudra Gupta's forty-five years of rule would be described as one vast military campaign. Around 380, Samudra Gupta was succeeded by his son Chandra Gupta II, and Chandra Gupta II extended Gupta rule to India's west coast, where new ports were helping India's trade with countries farther west. Greater wealth accrued to those who already had wealth, and the middle class prospered. Big estates grew with the help of dependent labor and slave labor. The poor stayed poor, but apparently there was little dire want. The caste system still existed. So too did the inferior status of women. But charities abounded. The Gupta kings were autocrats who liked to think of themselves as servants to all their subjects. Hospitals offered care free of charge to everyone, rich and poor. There were rest houses for travelers along India's highways, and the capital possessed an excellent, free hospital created by the charity of the wealthy. There are also many great cultural contributions during this age time. They were very good at math. The Gupta invented the decimal system, Arabic numbers, and the concept of zero.