Albany Civil Rights Movement 1961
By: Calla Johnson
A. In 1961 Hundreds of black students started protesting and refusing to obey the segregation laws. They started to conduct voting systems and they ended up getting arrested for trying to elect a young physician for president. B. Martin Luther King Jr. students from Georgia University and the NAACP were involved. C. It attracted lots of nationwide attention and showed African American Leadership in Albany.
Montgomery Bus Boycott 1954-1965
A. It was a 13 month long mass protest against segregation on public buses. The MIA coordinated the boycott and its president Martin Luther King Jr. who was a prominent civil rights leader during the boycott. B. Martin Luther King Jr. and Ralph Abernathy were the most involved. C. Because Rosa Parks was the one who sparked the start of the boycott, In which many other women had followed her and got arrested themselves.
Philadelphia 1964 Murder of Three
A. In 1964 on June 21-22 James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner were abducted and shot at close ranged and killed by the Ku Klux Klan. The three men had been working on the freedom campaign to help register african americans to vote. B. People involved were James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, Michael Schwerner, the KKK, the FBI and the Neshoba county sheriff's office. C. It led a national outrage and massive investigation for the people. This is what helped pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
The 1963 Murder of NAACP leader Medgar Evers
A. Medgar Evers was an African American Civil Rights activist who was involved in helping the NAACP as a secretary with segregation. He was assassinated by a member of the White citizens council. As a veteran they buried him with full military honors in the Arlington Cemetery. B. People Involved were Medgar Evers, NAACP, and Byron de la Beckwith.. C. His murder and trials inspired many citizens through protests, art, music and film.
The 1962 Integration of the University of Mississippi
A. In about the late september of 1962 James Meredith attempted to enroll at the University of Mississippi. But a huge riot broke out on the Ole Miss Campus with two dead, hundreds injured and many arrested. B. People involved were James Meredith, JFK, and the National Guardsmen. C.He was able to bring suit to the school and thereby the US court of appeals the 5th circuit issued him to be registered next fall. He became the first black graduate from the University.
The 1957 Integration of Central High School
A. Three years after the Brown vs Board of education the little rock nine of arkansas (Terrance Roberts, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Jefferson Thomas, and Carlotta Walls) were attempting to integrate central high school. Daisy Bates president of the NAACP had recruited the students. Martin Luther King Jr. had also written a letter to president Dwight D. Eisenhower requesting to make a swift resolution about the problem. The students were then let into school with body guards. B. People involved were the NAACP, Daisy Bates, Martin Luther King Jr. Dwight D. Eisenhower, and the little rock nine. C. It led to an impact of desegregating schools in the community.
The 1968 murder of Martin Luther King Jr.
A. On thursday April 4th 1968 at the age 0f 39 Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated at Lorraine motel in Memphis tennesse at 7:05pm. He was rushed to St. Joesph's hospital where he was pronounced dead. He was a very strong leader of the african american civil rights movement and also won a nobel peace prize during his time. Martin was known for his civil disobedience and nonviolence. People involved were Martin Luther King, Lyndon B. Johnson, The King family and James Earl Ray. C. Because of what King has done president Lyndon B. Johnson had made a national day of mourning for him in which libraries, schools, museums, and businesses were closed. There was then marche also in honor of him.
The 1965 March for voting rights to Montgomery
A. In 1965 the voting rights act had just been passed. And activists decided to do three protest marches on a 54 mile highway from selma to montgomery to show the desire of African Americans citizens their constitutional right to vote, in defiance of segregationist repression. B. People involved were Lyndon B. Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr. , the protesters of the marches and Joseph A . Califano Jr. C. King said there was never a moment in American History more honorable and more inspiring than the march of every race and faith to pour into selma to face danger at the side of the negroes.
The 1963 Campaign
A. The sixteenth street Baptist Church in Birmingham was a meeting place for all civil rights leaders. Tensions became high when a Southern Christian Leadership Conference got involved with a campaign to register African Americans to vote in Birmingham. On sunday September 15th a white man placed a box underneath the church steps. At about 10:22am the bomb went off killing 4 young girls and injuring many. They blamed the governor of alabama for the killings. B. People involved were Martin Luther King Jr, Denise McNair(11), Addie Mae Collins(14), Carole Robertson(14), Cynthia Wesley(14) Ralph David Abernathy, Fred Shutterworth and Robert Chambliss a member of the KKK. C. It helped draw national attention to hard-fought, and often dangerous struggles for the civil rights of African Americans.
March on Washington, I Have a Dream Speech
A. On August 28th 1963 more than about 200,000 americans gathered at the Lincoln Memorial for a political march on jobs and freedom. It was organized by civil rights and religious groups, and event to show how African Americans all over the country struggled with political and social challenges. It all started with Martin Luther Kings " I HAVE A DREAM" speech. B. People involved were Martin Luther King Jr. C. It was a call on racial justice and equality for African Americans.
1963 Brown vs Board of Education
A. Brown vs Board of Education was a supreme court case case in which the Court declared the state laws to establish separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. B. People involved were the Supreme Court. C. Because it overturned the Plessy vs Ferguson decision it ruled a paved way for integration and became a major victory for the civil rights movements.