BY GARRETT FOGELSON
Mexico is the most visited place in the world
"the capital of Mexico is Mexico City they speak Spanish
''The nation is blessed with abundant minerals—notably silver, copper, sulfur, lead, and zinc—advanced technology, and a huge workforce. It profits from its maquiladora border industry: products are assembled at mostly U.S.-owned plants, then sent to the U.S. and elsewhere. The foreign plant owners gain from the lower cost of doing business in Mexico, and Mexicans gain jobs. However, many poor Mexicans try to cross the border for jobs in the U.S.—an estimated five million Mexican immigrants are in the U.S. illegally.
Mexico's declining birthrate promises some relief from the crushing pressure of its population. In 2000 Mexico became the 11th country in the world to have 100 million people—more than double its 1970 population of 48 million. With more than 19 million people, many living in barrio slums, Greater Mexico City is one of the world's largest urbanized areas. Tough environmental restrictions have been enacted to cope with increasingly dangerous levels of air and water pollution.
Tax reform, privatization of state-run industries, and more open trade policies have improved competitiveness and boosted exports. Education funding is increasing, and authority is being transferred from the federal to state governments to improve accountability. New four-lane highways provide a network helping business and tourism'' .
Text From National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition