World War I
Causes of World War 1
The four main causes of WWI was Militarism, Alliance System, Imperialism, and Nationalism. Militarism was an issue as many countries tried to attack other countries with a strong central military power. The Alliance system was very conflicted as there was the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance. Imperialism was caused by countries wanting more land; as nationalism was when one country had more power over other countries.
The Schlieffen Plan was in 1905 and was an attack by the Germans. As the Germans were apart of the Central power they wanted to attack France but knew that France would be ready for them. So instead the Germans went through Belgium, who were neutral, and attacked France from that angle. This upset many as they thought it was not right for Germany to go through Belgium as they wanted nothing to do with the war.
Battle of Marne River
Germany wanted to make one final attack on the Allies and they were not going to let anyone or anything stand in their way. As they reached Marne River they were low on resources and soldiers. The U.S. had then counter attacked the Germans but shipping in fresh new troops which started the second Battle of Marne River. The Allies had tanks and fresh new troops which allowed them to dominate over Germany.
Battle of the Somme
Britain attacked the Germans northwest of Verdun in the valley of the Somme River. This battle had suffered many casualties and deaths. During this battle, in 1916, this was the first time the British had used tanks as a weapon.
Battle of the Verdun
The Battle of Verdun was fought on the Western Front by Germany and France. Many say that this was the longest battle for such a small amount of land. The battle had a huge effect on the French military as many were killed or wounded. This battle was seen as the most deadly battle for a small territory.
Trench Warfare became very popular in WWI as soldiers would dig trenches and barricaded themselves in them to hide from their enemies. Trench were key components to the war because it protected you from getting shot; however, there were also negative aspects as grenades would be thrown into them. Trench warfare was easy for soldiers to sit inside and shoot as they were not in no man's land.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
In March of 1918, Germany and Russia had signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Through this treaty Russia had to give up major territory to Germany and its allies. This treaty angered many Russians, therefore they decided to fight back. They made many enemies and ultimately murdered the royal family.
Total War meant that everyone contributed to the war, either, joining the army or helping on the Homefront. During the war, many women had to get jobs because all the men went off to the war. Women's figure started to evolve as they worked in machine factories, coal mines, stores. Men could not work anymore because they enlisted in the army so women had to take their places.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was with Germany as they were being humiliated and crippled. As France enjoyed this day, Germany had other feelings as they had to pay $32 billion for all of the war cost, give up their navy, and return land back to France. The Treaty had many demands for Germany as many believed they caused the war to happen.
Propaganda were signs that were hung around the community urging people to either join the war, join the army, or used as advertising tools. Propaganda became popular during WWI as they were used to promote people to do certain things and to join in the fight. They were directed mainly to people in their late teens and older.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophia, was a big upset for Austria. The attack was planned by multiple Serbian teens as they made multiple attempts to kill the Archduke but failed until they saw him drive by and then shot him and his wife. This attack ultimately was one of the causes to WWI.
Paris Peace Conference
The Paris Peace Conference took place after WWI ended and it was to set peace for the defeated Central Powers. The Paris Peace Conference involved 32 countries that meant to come to terms to settle disputes. Also during the Paris Peace Conference, Woodrow Wilson brought up the 14 points which stated self-determination, peace without victory, disarmament, fair treatment of colonial people, and establishment of League of Nations.