Sudden Cardiac Death

By Josh Mallet & Bo Price

DESCRIPTION

A sudden unexpected death caused by loss of heart function.

CAUSES

The electrical system to the heart malfunctions and suddenly becomes very irregular, and the heart beats very fast. These abnormal rhythms are called arrhythmias.

SYMPTOMS

In most cases, symptoms do not present themselves, but some people may experience a racing heartbeat or dizziness. 

DIAGNOSTIC TEST

Other disorders that relate to this condition include arrhythmogenic RV dysplasia and Brugada syndrome. So if someone has either of these, he or she it at risk for SCD.

INCIDENCE

SCD is the leading cause of death in adults over the age of 40. Approximately 326,000 people experience this condition every year, and 9 out of 10 die.

PREVENTION

Recognizing risk factors such as previous heart attack or a coronary heart disease. Other risk factors include: obesity, diabetes, and recreational drug use.

TREATMENT OPTIONS

This condition creates an emergency situation in which the victim needs to be treated with a defibrillator immediately, which can restore normal heartbeat.

SOURCES

WebMD.net

my.clevelandclinic.org

nhlbi.nih.gov

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