One step at the time
Nowadays, human immunodeficiency virus, commonly know as HIV, is a preoccuping subject in the eyes of everybody. Originated in West-Central Africa, this phenomenon takes more and more scale. Approximately 33,4 million people worldwide are living with HIV and 25 million have died of it since the first case in 1981. Is it possible to slow down this ever growing reality? This following text will answer this question.
1) Sexual contact
Unprotected sex is one of the main reasons why HIV propagates. It is important to know that the risk of contracting this disease decreases of about 80% over long term when a couple uses the condom. Sexual abstinence is always an option to be a 100% sure that poeple won't encounter HIV.
2) Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEp) and Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
Pre-exposure is a technique that aims people who don't have HIV but have a high risk to get it. It involves taking a pill every day. It should be used with other methods for sexually active people to reduce even more the risk of infection. As for the Post Exposure, this method is for people who are exposed to HIV. It is also medecine that the victim should take as soon as possible (48h-72h preferably) and is usualy taken for 4 weeks.
3) Mother to child
Mother to child transmission is another way HIV spreads. The mother has to take medicine during pregnancy and childbirth and is misadvised to breastfed her child. The newborn is also given medicine for at least 6 weeks.
In conclusion, there is various ways to reduce the risk of having HIV. With Internet at our disposition, it is as simple as one click to get a lot of information for a healthier world.
Board, Editorial. ''Great Hope for Babies With H.I.V.'' The New York Times. Np., 8 March 2014. Web. 24th May 2014.