Impact of Tobacco on the U.S.

Tobacco Basics

Tobacco is a green, leafy plant that is grown in warm climates. After it is picked, it is dried, ground up, and used in different ways. It can be smoked in a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. It can also be chewed or sniffed through the nose. (  

More than 7,000 different chemicals have been found in tobacco and tobacco smoke. (  

Each day, more than 3,800 persons younger than 18 years of age smoke their first cigarette. Each day, about 1,000 persons younger than 18 years of age begin smoking on a daily basis. (  

Carcinogens are chemicals known to cause cancer. There are more than 60 chemicals known to cause cancer. (

Effects of Smoking

Effects of Smoking:  Poor lung development, Worse overall health, Reduced physical fitness, Production of phlegm, Breathlessness, Frequent respiratory system infection, Smoking also worsens pre-existing medical conditions like asthma and cystic fibrosis, Vision, Gum disease, Tooth loss and hearing loss, Smokers also lose their sense of smell and taste, Early heart disease, Increased risk for cancers (

The risk of developing lung cancer is about 23 times higher among men who smoke cigarettes and about 13 times higher among women who smoke cigarettes comparedwith never smokers.  Cigarette smoking increases the risk for many types of cancer.  Cigarette smokers are 2–4 times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than nonsmokers.  Cigarette smoking approximately doubles a person's risk for stroke.  People who smoke have a much greater risk of developing peripheral vascular disease than nonsmokers.  Secondhand smoke exposure causes heart disease and lung cancer in nonsmoking adults.  (

Second Hand Smoke

Secondhand smoke comes from both the smoke that smokers exhale (called mainstream smoke) and the smoke floating from the end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe (called sidestream smoke).  

It is a mixture of 2 forms of smoke that come from burning tobacco: sidestream smoke (smoke that comes from the end of a lighted cigarette, pipe, or cigar) and mainstream smoke (smoke that is exhaled by a smoker). Even though we think of these as the same, they aren't. The sidestream smoke has higher concentrations of cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) than the mainstream smoke because the chemicals are burning at a lower temperature and it contains smaller particles than mainstream smoke, which make their way into the body's cells more easily.

Second hand smoke can lead to ear infections for children who are exposed to it.

An estimated 46,000 deaths from heart disease in people
who are current non-smokers.  Second hand smoke can lead to cancer, such as
breast cancer.  There are about 3,400 lung cancer deaths in non-smoking adults.  Secondhand
tobacco smoke contains the same cancer-causing chemicals that smokers inhale.  Secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in adults who do not smoke. Breathing in secondhand smoke in any indoor spaces, such as at home, at work, in restaurants, bars, and clubs, increases your chances of getting lung cancer by 20 percent to 30 percent.

Addictive Potential

The addictive chemical in tobacco is nicotine.

Decrease in appetite, increased heart rate, decrease in tension, nicotine has been shown to improve concentration, learning, alertness and problem-solving ability in only chronic nicotine user.

Nicotine withdrawal creates anxiety, irritability, headache, hunger, and a craving for cigarettes or other sources of nicotine.                                    

70% of smokers want to quit.                                                              

Comment Stream