Chernobyl Water Effects
By: Sayge and Yvonne
What was Chernobyl?
Chernobyl was a nuclear plant. The Chernobyl nuclear power plant is located in Ukraine.
The Power plant had overloaded with power, producing more power than they are able to contain. At this time, we had less understanding of nuclear technology, and did not know that the Anode's graphite tips will cause a surge in concentrated energy when cooled rapidly, instantly turning the water used for cooling into steam. The immense pressure of the extreme heat, and the concentrated steam, caused the enclosed power-plant to burst and radiation blew violently into the atmosphere, damaging the environment and causing mutations to almost all life exposed.
The Part About The Water
In both Sweden and Finland, fish in deep freshwater lakes were banned for resale and landowners were advised not to consume certain types.Information regarding physical deformities in the plant and animal populations in the areas affected by radioactive fallout require sampling and capture, along with DNA testing, of individuals to determine if abnormalities are the result of natural mutation, radiation poisoning, or exposure to other contaminants in the environment (i.e. pesticides, industrial waste, or agricultural run-off).
The amount of radioactive nuclides found to have been deposited into surrounding lakes has increased the normal baseline radioactive amounts by 100 percent. Most of the radionuclides in surrounding water areas were found in the sediments at the bottom of the lakes. There has been a high incidence of chromosomal changes in plant and animal aquatic organisms, and this generally has correlated with the contamination and resulting genetic instability.
Tests (1997) showed that caesium-137 levels in trees of the area were continuing to rise. It is unknown if this is still the case. There is some evidence that contamination is migrating into underground aquifers and closed bodies of water such as lakes and ponds. The main source of elimination is predicted to be natural decay of caesium-137 to stable barium-137, since runoff by rain and groundwater has been demonstrated to be negligible.
Actions Being Taken To Correct The Disaster
The reactor was encased in a giant improvised concrete coffin. That coffin is failing now and they plan on encasing it in an even bigger one. The fallout cannot be cleaned up.