Help Endangered Tigers
The biggest cats in the cat family primarily rely on sight and hearing rather than smell they hunt prey alone a tiger can eat 88 pounds of meat at one time. usually tigers have 3-2 cubs every 2-2.5 years. If all their cubs die another litter might be produced in 5 months.
‘’Tigers generally gain independence at two years of age and attain sexual maturity at 3-4 years for females and at 4-5 years for males.’’ about half of the litter does not survive the first 2 years of their life. Tigers are known to reach the age of 26 in the wild.
Males of the largest type of tiger the ‘’Amur (siberian) tiger’’ weigh up to 660 pounds. Males of the smallest type of tiger ‘’-the Sumatran tiger-’’ range at 310 pounds. But with each tiger the males are heavier and bigger than the females. Tigers mostly stay to themselves except with baby’s and mother.
‘’Across their range, tigers face unrelenting pressure from poaching, retaliatory killings and habitat loss. They are forced to compete for space with dense and often growing human populations.’’
Why are tigers almost extinct
The tiger is the largest of all cats they’re amazing predators. Plus they can eat up to 40kg of meat at a time. They stay to themselves, and mark their territories with scent and claw marks on trees. The only time adult tigers are together is when they mate.
100 years ago there was 100,000 tigers living on the earth and now there's only 3200 tigers. That is a 95% decrease! Out of the 8 subspecies of tigers 3 became extinct during the last century! They were the Bali, Javan and Caspian tigers. The main reasons for tigers becoming extinct is
- Habitat loss
- Population fragmentation
Because of the increase in human population many, many forest have been cut down for wood and farms plus mining. The effect is the animals that tigers eat are killed which also affects the tigers population just as it affect their prey’s species. Also tigers may start living off of local farms livestock and are often killed by farmers.
‘’In eastern Asia it has been believed for centuries that tiger-parts have special healing-powers.’’In result tiger population has been plummeting. Almost all the body parts are sold a high cost a black markets. Even though it’s illegal to kill tigers they continue to be poached. In many forest there is not enough if any wild life guards. Which makes it difficult to catch poachers.
This is a problem that's created by habitat loss. Sometimes groups of tigers become separated from each other by villagers and farms as they move farther into the tigers forest. This results to defects and mutation in cubs, this happens because the tigers only can mate with the tigers in their separated group.
I think if we don't do something now than when a new generation comes the tigers species may be gone like several other animals endangered by poachers and pollution, habitat loss, plus several other species. Animals we have now that may disappear before our eyes and it would be too late to bring them back. But if we work together and do it now we might just have a chance to save tigers for future generations to come.