Zinc (#30, Zn)

Metal Density: 101.325 kPa Melting Point: 692.68 K Boiling Point: 1180 K Electron Configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10

Zinc has an Atomic Radius of 134 pm, an Ionization Energy of 9.3942 ev, and an Electronegativity of 1.65 on the Pauling Scale. Also, Zinc tends to bond ionically.

Zinc History

Andreas Marggraf discovered Zinc in Berlin, Germany in 1746. He discovered it when conducting an experiment with calamine ore and carbon.

Zinc Uses and Abundance

Zinc is used commonly in die-castings, other alloys such as brass and nickel, in sunscreen, and to galvanize iron so it doesn't corrode. An example of a compound containing zinc would be Zinc Oxide (ZnO). Zinc's abundance is mathematically calculated as 7.0 x 10 milligrams per killogram.

Zinc in naturally formed and found with other elements to make ores. it is extremely cheap at $0.000053 per 1 mg, or $5.30 for 1000 mg.

Other interesting facts about zinc are that it is naturally a bluish silver color, reacts with both acids and alkalis, and burns a bright blue-green flame.