Gold Rush

By: Macey, Morgan, Abby and Brooke

             The Gold Rush, in 1849. This is miners mining gold.

Key Points

  • The gold rush is when a ton of gold was discovered in 1848, and it brought miners to California and also brought a lot of money, about 2 billion dollars.
  • Lasted 10 years (1848–1858)
  • There were only 1,000 people in 1848 and by 1850 there was 20,000.
  • It triggered emigration of fortune-seekers from China, Germany, Chile, Mexico, Ireland, Turkey, and France.
  • Men would-be gold miners, known as the ’49ers, traveled across the mountains or by sea, sailing to Panama or even around Cape Horn, the southernmost point of South America, so they could get money.

Significance of Westward Expansion

  • The westward expansion was when the colonial settlements were established along the west coast.
  • Over 300,000 people rushed to California to find gold and "strike it rich".
  • They often made ten times in a day what they could working a normal job.
  • Towns colonized and expanded, strengthening the economy.
  • Whenever gold was discovered in a new place, miners would move in and make a mining camp, called a Boomtown, but then when there was no more gold, everybody left so then it was a Ghost town.

How The Gold Rush Helped Westward Expansion

  • 1848 gold nuggets were found in Sacramento Valley.
  • Thousands of miners moved west towards California to mine gold.
  • Population went up from less than 1,000 to 100,000.
  • Gold mining towns populated with shops, saloons, and brothels.
  • People traveled around the horn of Africa and through mountains to get to California.

Individual Significance

  • The significance of the Gold Rush was that it made a huge labor shortage, because men were leaving their homes for mining, and none became super successful with it. This created opportunities for people who needed work.
  • This was the reason for Native American Slavery/Exploitation.
  • Industries were very successful because of the Gold Rush in California, and business was flourishing.
  • By the end of 1859, over 44 million dollars worth of gold was produced. But this was a decrease from several years before.
  • The Gold Rush was one of the main reasons slavery was brought up, and this was also the reason of the territory borders.