Unit 7 Review

By: Dimonelle, David, Quatrey, Felix and Amber

Crisis in the Middle East

During the month-long war that ended with a cease-fire Aug. 14, Israel dropped thousands of bombs and missiles on Lebanon, devastating its infrastructure, killing more than 1,000 people and driving thousands from their homes. Rockets fired by the Hezbollah militia in Lebanon caused serious damage and several dozen deaths in northern Israel.

Operation Iraqi Freedom

In 2003, President George W. Bush announces that Operation Iraqi Freedom had begun. Operation Iraqi Freedom was to rid Iraq of dictator Saddam Hussein and eliminate Hussein's ability to develop weapons of mass destruction.

OPEC

Opec or the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is an organization created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10–14, 1960. OPEC's objective is to coordinate petroleum policies among Member Countries in order to secure fair and stable prices for petroleum producers.

Cold War

Relationship between the Soviet Union and the U.S

Growing out of post-World War II tensions between the two nations, the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century resulted in mutual suspicions, heightened tensions and a series of international incidents that brought the world’s superpowers to the brink of disaster.

Korean War

On June 25, 1950, the Korean War began when 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People’s Army crossed the boundary between the Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north and the pro-Western Republic of Korea to the south. This was the first military action of the Cold War and by July, American troops had entered the war on South Korea’s behalf. American officials worked to build an armistice with the North Koreans but finally, in July 1953, the Korean War came to an end. In all, 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war. The Korean peninsula is still divided today.

Persian Gulf

Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring Kuwait in early August 1990. Saudi Arabia and Egypt called on the United States and other Western nations to intervene. Hussein defied United Nations Security Council demands to withdraw from Kuwait and the Persian Gulf War began with a massive U.S.-led air offensive known as Operation Desert Storm. President George H.W. Bush declared a cease-fire on February 28 and by that time, most Iraqi forces in Kuwait had either surrendered or fled.

Vietnam War

The Vietnam War was a long, costly armed conflict that pitted the communist of North Vietnam and its southern allies, known as the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its principal ally, the United States. The war, increasingly unpopular at home, ended with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 1973 and the unification of Vietnam under Communist control two years later. More than 3 million people, including 58,000 Americans, were killed in the conflict.

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