Industrial Revolution Inventions

By: Mary Lou, Sarah Kate, and Kerrigan

Transportation

-Canal systems improved River travel by making it easier to get to places inland

-Turnpike Roads improved roads and also gave a slight boost to the economy due to the toll charge, it also is used even today

-Trains and Railroads helped speed supplies, raw materials, and consumer goods across the country in 30-50 minutes, this specific invention would change the world and traveling for ever

-With new ships came better and faster ways to travel by water which would also help trade be faster and more efficient

Steam

-A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid

-Steam engines could also be applied to vehicles such as traction engines and the railway locomotives

-The steam engine was one of the most important technologies of the Industrial Revolution, although steam did not replace water power in importance in Britain until after the Industrial Revolution

-Coal, oil, or nuclear fuel is burned to produce steam to drive a turbine in a steam-power station

-James watt invented the steam engine in 1781The stationary steam engine was a key component of the Industrial Revolution, allowing factories to locate where water power was unavailable

Iron and Steel

-The hot blast technique was invented by James Beaumont Nielson in 1828

-The Bessmer process was the first inexpensive industrial process for the mass-production of steel from molten pig iron

-Its inventor Sir Henry Bessemer, revolutionized steel manufacture by decreasing its cost, increasing the scale and speed of production of this vital material, and decreasing the labor requirements for steel-making

-Sidney Gilchrist Thomas found a more sophisiticated process to eliminate prosperous from iron

-Bolckow Vaughen and co. Was the first company to use Thomas' process. The next great process in steel making was the Siemens-Martin process

-Sir Charles William Siemens developed his regenerative furnace in the 1850s, claiming in 1857 to be recovering enough heat to save 70–80% of the fuel.

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