Here are some tips to help improve your landscape photography.
- Depth of Field is your Friend. By using smaller apertures (the larger the number, the smaller the aperture) more of your photograph will be in focus. It is important to remember that because the aperture of the lens is not open very wide, less light will be hitting your camera's sensor or film (what the heck is that?), this may mean that you will need to compensate by keeping your camera's shutter open longer.
- Use a Tripod. A tripod is one of those essential items that gets overlooked often. It's important to keep your camera still and steady if you are using those smaller aperture settings or if there are element considerations to take into account, like wind.
- Think About Lines. Lines are important. For the most part you want to consider how you are leading the viewer's eyes. A good strategy is to lead the viewer into the photograph with lines. Don't forget that lines can be a point of interest in and of themselves as well.
- Consider Horizons. This is one of those tips that is used again and again and again but it is incredibly important. When framing a photograph you want to consider a couple of things. First, is the horizon level? While you can straighten things out in the computer later it's always better to get it right in the camera. Second, where is the horizon in the composition? To reference another cliche piece of advice, usually you want the horizon line on one of the thirds lines near the top or bottom rather than in the middle of your photograph.
- Find a Focal Point. It's important to have a strong point of interest in your photo. Without one, landscapes tend to look empty and won't draw the viewer's eyes into the photo. Focal points can really be anything from a rock to a building; and your composition can make a huge difference, so think not only about what you want to focus on but also on where you want it in the photo.