Pre-Revolution

The time before and after the American Revolution

1763 - The Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian war.

The Treaty of Paris was signed February 10, 1763 by the Kingdoms of Great Britain. The treaty ended the 7 year war or The French and Indian war and gave Britain power outside of England. The war was fought between Virginia and Nova Scottie. The war began in a dispute over land and power in the Americas. In the end Britain won the war. France gave their territory to Canada. Spain gave Florida to Britain.

Proclamation of 1763- King George III

The ending of the French and Indian war caused for a  celebration in the colonies.
the Proclamation in affect closed off the frontier in expansion. The French had effectively hemmed in the British settlers and had, from the perspective of the settlers, played the "Indians" against them.

The Sugar Act, passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764. This act was created to put a tax on various goods. They thought this would make the economy exceedingly great. The colonists did not favor this law at all. The colonist began the intolerable acts.

the Stamp Act was passed by the British Parlament in 1765, March 22. The new tax was imposed on all American colonist and it required them to pay a tax on every printed thing they used.

The Boston Massacre as an incident on March 5, 1770. A citizen called out a British soldier and he got in the citizens face. A crowd of men surrounded British infantry. The British army killed 5 men and injured 6 other.  The soldiers were trialed. Two of them were convicted of man slaughter. Four of the civilians were trialed in December. They were then banished, and punished.

IN 1773 (May) Parliament put a tax on tea, which sparked the final revolutionary movement in Boston. However the act was not suppose to raise revenue in the American colonies, and it did not impose any new taxes. The Tea Act was made to help boost the East India Company which was failing financially (with money) and would be shut down with eighteen-million pounds of unsold tea. Ships filled with tea were to be sent to the colonies and sold to them. But colonists in Philadelphia and New York sent ships back.

In December of 1773, a political protest between the colonists and the Sons of Liberty took place. Paul Revere took his turn in guard duty and was one of the leaders in the Boston Tea Party when other colonists disguised themselves as Indians and dumped tea into the Boston harbor. The sons of Liberty took direct action to enforce the opposition of the Tea act.

The intolerable Acts were a set of laws issued by British Parliament. After the Boston tea party, Britain issued the intolerable acts. It was set to punish Massachusetts, but all of the colonies were upset. Many saw it as a violation of their constitutional rights. They viewed it as a threat to their liberties. This law drew even more hate to Britain.

Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first part of the American Revolution. They were fought on April 19, 1775. In 1774 patriots started to train to make a militia in case of any altercations with British soldiers. In 1775 an unknown shot was fired like the Boston Massacre and the war began. Britain lost the war and blamed General Gage and Colonel Smith for the loss of the war.

On July 4, 1776 The Declaration of Independence is the founding document of the American political tradition. The Declaration of Independence has three parts to it- the famous Preamble, charges to King George 3rd, and a conclusion. The Preamble summarizes the principles og American self-government. The list of charged summarizes the violations of the principles, and the conclusion calls for duty, action and sacrifice.  

Second Continental Congress was a group of delegates from the 13 colonies in  Philadelphia. They were pushing to create the Declaration of Independence. Lyman Hall was sent as a delegate from the parish of St. John's. He could not vote as he was not the colonies official delegate. Georgia held a provincial congress deciding on what to do with the American Revolution. They then sent the delegates to Continental Congress.

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