Chinese Communist Revolution
By Matthew Battle, Artavious Wright
The Chinese Communist Revolution or The 1949 Revolution was the culmination of the Chinese Communist Party's drive to power since its founding in 1921 and the second part of Chinese Civil War . In the official media, this period is known as the War of Liberation.
The Chinese revolution was the result of socio-economic and political conditions in China. Chinese economy was dominated by agriculture. Crafts were there but they were practiced with primitive and outdated techniques. Heavy revenue burdens were imposed on the Chinese peasants who groaned under the burden. The Chinese society is equally responsible for causing the war. It was a social hiaerchy system and the people didn't like it. The Political system was also what caused it. The warlords controlled more territory than the Nationalist government.
The strength of Nationalist troops in July 1946 is 4.3 million, of which 2.2 million are well-trained and ready for country-wide mobilie combat. The loss of battle and of important troops was the military turning point. Mao then called for a return to radical land policies which built support among activists. Under generals such as General Lin Biao the PLA (People's liberation army had grown beyond the strategy of people's war outlined by Mao and engaged in full-scale conventional war. The Huaihai Campaign of late 1948 and early 1949 in which roughly a million soldiers fought on either side and the decisive battles on the plains gave the PLA complete control over North China. On October 1, 1949, Communist leader Mao ZeDong declared the creation of the People's Republic of China (PRC).The announcement ended to costly full-scale civil war between the Chinese communist party of Kuomintang, which broke out immediately following world war II and have been preceded on and off conflict between the 2 sides since the 1920's.