City Profile: Copenhagen, Denmark

Laura Ann Deall, Jamie Jalovec, Breanne Pemberton

Population and Demographic Data:

What is the city's population? Is the city part of a larger "metro" area?

is the capital and most populous city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,230,728 and a metropolitan population of 1,967,727 (as of 1 October 2013).

What is the ethic/racial breakdown of the cities' population?

77.3% Danish

22.7% Other

The "other" category broken down.

Ethnic groups:

  • Scandinavian
  • Inuit
  • Faroese
  • German
  • Turkish
  • Iranian
  • Somali

How many of the city's residents are citizens of that particular country?

According to 2012 figures from Statistics Denmark, 89.6% of Denmark’s population of over 5,580,516 was of Danish descent, defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship.[1][2] Many of the remaining 10.4% were immigrants—or descendants of recent immigrants (defined as people born in Denmark from migrant parents, or parents without Danish citizenship) —near half of whom are from the neighbouring Scandinavian countries and Germany. Others include people from Turkey, Iraq, Somalia,Bosnia and Herzegovina, South Asia, and from Western Asia. More than 590 000 individuals (10.4%)[2][3] are migrants and their descendants (142 000 second generation migrants born in Denmark[3]).

Of these 590 000[2] immigrants and their descendants:

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c d

Geography and Environment:

What is the area of the city (sq. mi or km)? The area of the city is 16,640 sq. mi. and is 43,098 km.

What is the highest elevation in the city? According to Hasselriis, C.H.W. (2014), Copenhagen highest elevation is 568 ft. or 173 m.

How long is the city's coastline/waterfront? According to Hasselriis, C.H.W. (2014), Copenhagen's coastline/waterfront is over 4,600 mil or it is 7,400 km.

What natural resources does it have or is it connected to? Some of the natural resources in Copenhagen are: petroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, stone, gravel, and sand.

What time is sunrise and sunset on the longest and shortest days of the year? It varies due to their northern location and seasons. An example would be: "There are short days during the winter with sunrise coming around 9:30 a.m. and sunset 4:30 p.m., as well as long summer days with sunrise at 3:30 a.m. and sunset at 10 p.m. (Shortest Day Of The Year, n.d.). "

Does the city have a port? What are the conditions of the port (depth, connections to waterways, etc...)?

What is the monthly average temperature and precipitation?

Is there a noted city plant, animal or other natural feature? The mermaid is known as a local symbol for Copenhagen.

Politics and Government:

Who are the political leaders of the city?

The Lord Mayor of Copenhagen: Frank Jensen

What political jurisdictions are the city a part of?

The conurbanation of Copenhagen includes the municipalities of Copenhagen, Dragør, Frederiksberg and Tårnby, with a total population of 704,108 at the start of 2012.[67] After Copenhagen Municipality,

The second largest is Frederiksberg Municipality, an enclave inside Copenhagen Municipality. Both are contained in the larger Capital Region of Denmark, containing most of the urban area of Copenhagen.

Since a reform in 2006–08, Copenhagen Municipality has been divided into 10 official districts (Danish: bydele):[68] Indre By, Østerbro,Nørrebro, Vesterbro/Kongens Enghave, Valby, Vanløse, Brønshøj-Husum, Bispebjerg, Amager Øst, and Amager Vest.

Neighbourhoods of Copenhagen include Slotsholmen Frederiksstaden, Islands Brygge, Holmen, Christiania, Carlsberg, Sluseholmen, Amagerbro,Ørestad, Nordhavnen, Bellahøj, Brønshøj, Ryparken, and Vigerslev.

  1. ^ "Statistics Denmark, table BEF1A07: Population 1 January by region, age, sex, marital status". Retrieved 9 March 2013.
  2. Jump up^ "Københavns bydele". Københavns Kommune. Retrieved 31 December 2012.

What are the governing bodies of those jurisdictions?

The municipal government is divided into seven administrative departments; Employment and Integration, Culture and Leisure, Health and Care, Finance, Child and Youth, Social Services, and Technical and Environmental Administration.[74] It has six political committees and a finance committee. The annual budget for the city is proposed in August and finalized in October and the annual report is published in May of every year. The accounting firm Deloitte is responsible for auditing the City of Copenhagen's accounts.[75]

74. ^ "Kontakt en forvaltning" (in Danish). Københavns Kommune. Retrieved 28 November 2013

75. Jump up^ "Regnskab og budget" (in Danish). Københavns Kommune. Retrieved 28 November 2013.

What major political party(ies) hold office in the city?

  1. Social Democrats (Danish: Socialdemokraterne or Socialdemokratiet), is a social-democratic[4][5] political party in Denmark. It has been the major coalition partner in government since 2011 parliamentary election, with party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt asPrime Minister. It is the second-largest party in the Danish parliament, the Folketing, with 44 of 179 seats.
  2. Founded by Louis Pio in 1871, the party first entered the Folketing in 1884. By the early 20th century it had become the party with the largest representation in the Folketing, a distinction it would hold for 77 years. It first formed a government in 1924 underThorvald Stauning, the longest-serving Danish Prime Minister of the 20th century. During Stauning's government, the Social Democrats exerted a profound influence on Danish society, laying the foundation of the Danish welfare state.

    A member of the Party of European Socialists, the Social Democrats have four MEPs in the European Parliament, an increase of three after the 2004 election. In March 2013 they gained an additional MEP: Emilie Turunen left the Socialist People's Party to become a Social Democrat.[6]

  3. Social Liberal Party (Danish: Det Radikale Venstre, literally: "The Radical Left", occasionally translated to English as "Radical Liberal Party") is a social liberal[1][2][9][10][11] political party in Denmark. The party is a member of Liberal International and theAlliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party.
  4. The party was founded in 1905 as a split from the liberal Venstre Reform Party. The initial impetus was the expulsion of Venstre'santimilitarist wing from the party in January 1905. The expelled members held a founding conference for the new party in Odense, on May 21, 1905. In addition to the differences over military spending, the social liberals also took a more positive view than Venstretowards measures that aimed to reduce social inequality. The party was cautiously open to aspects of the welfare state, and also advocated reforms to improve the position of tenant farmers, an important early group of supporters.[12][13]
  5. The literal translation radical left is nowadays somewhat misleading, as the party is traditionally described as being in the centre of the left-right political scale. The use of the word for "left" in the name of the former mother party Venstre and the Norwegian party Venstre is meant to refer to liberalism and not left-wing politics. Venstre originally was to the left of the conservative and aristocratic right.


When was the city founded?

Copenhagen was founded in 1167\

Which states/people have controlled the city?

What historic buildings seem most significant?

What do you consider the top five historical events that should have happened in the city?

Are there any important historical figures that one should know about? (just list)

Jakob Erlandsen

Christian IV of Denmark

Charles X

Has the city been involved in any major wars or conflicts in the past 250 years (the modern age)?

During 1658-59 Copenhagen withstood a severe siege by the Swedes under Charles X and successfully repelled a major assault. In 1728 and again in 1795, the city was ravaged by large fires, which destroyed most of the medieval part of town. In 1801, a British fleet under Admiral Parker fought a major battle, the Battle of Copenhagen, with the Danish navy in Copenhagen harbour. It was during this battle Lord Nelson famously "put the telescope to the blind eye" in order not to see Admiral Parker's signal to cease fire. When a British expeditionary force bombarded Copenhagen in 1807 in order to take control of the Danish navy, thus denying it to nascent French plans to invade Britain, the city suffered great damage and hundreds of people were killed. The main reason for the extensive devastation was that Copenhagen relied on an old defence line rendered virtually useless by the long ranged bombard ships and mortar batterys employed by the British.


What are the city's major industries?
Denmark's modern market economy includes high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small and corporate industry, extensive government welfare, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Copenhagen formerly was the location of most of Denmark’s manufacturing. From 2000, the service sector, trade, finance, and education dominated the city’s economy.

What is the city's GDP?

Denmark's per capita GDP was estimated at $37,400 in 2007.

Does the city have any special economic zones or regulations?

What is the average housing cost in the city?

Unlike the other Scandinavian countries, Denmark was hit hard by the global financial crisis of 2008. From their heights in 2006 and 2007, home prices fell by about 30 percent and still haven’t recovered. The average price of housing in Denmark is $2,350 per square meter (about $218 a square foot). However, prices have quite a range. A luxury, more comfortable apartment in Copenhagen, for instance, typically costs $6,500 to $8,500 a square meter ($604 to $790 a square foot).

What is the average household or individual income in the city?

In a 2008 survey, Copenhagen was ranked the sixth richest city in the world according to personal net earnings. The city has also been ranked as one of the most expensive cities in the World. In a newly released survey by the Swiss bank UBS AG, Copenhagen had the highest gross wages in the world, and the average wage earner in Copenhagen earned approximately 40 percent more than the average person in New York City.


What important days and/or festivals are celebrated annually? An important day that is celebrated in Copenhagen is Constitution Day June 5th. Some of the festivals that are celebrated are: jazz, film, dancing and performing arts, LGBT event (Copenhagen Pride), Strom (Electronic music), and many more festivals.

Does the city host any water-related events? There is an open water swim, which is several swimmers racing around the water of the canals.

Are there any special foods or beverages that are eaten or known in the city? Breakfast consists of either cereal or bread with cheese, jam and/or eggs. Dinner is to be eaten as a family. The family dinner consists of frikadeller (meatballs) or hakkebof (hamburger) which is served with gravy, potatoes, pickled red beets, and a salad. When it comes for lunch, this is a meal that is normally a gab and go smorrebrod which is an open faced sandwich on rye bread.

What are the major museums in the city? What are their focus?

  • Danish Jewish Museum: The opening exhibition of the Danish Jewish Museum in Copenhagen is a broad presentation of Jewish life in Denmark through 400 years, and is a selection from the museum's own collection.
  • The Theatre Museum: The Theatre Museum is situated in the Old Court Theatre. Its collection describes Danish theatre history from the 1700s to the present day.
  • The Black Diamond: The Black Diamond in Copenhagen was finished in 1999 and is an extension to the Royal Library. The building is shiny, black facets mirror the sea and the sky at the harbour front.

What is the local folk music tradition?

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