The Early 1800's
Bella Elman & Mhakayla Haynes-Joseph
1. Where was the SC Capital moved to?
From Charleston to Columbia.
2. Identify SC Delegates in the Constitutional convention.
John Rutledge, Charles Pickney, Charles Cotesworth Pickney, Pierce Butler.
3. Identify the first two political parties and their leaders. r
The first two political parties were Democratic-Republicans and Federalists. The Democratic-Republican leaders were Tomas Jefferson and James Madison. The Federalist leader was Alexander Hamilton.
4. Identify two issues that the two parties disagreed about.
The two issues were:
a. The Federalists supported the idea of a national bank, and Democratic-Republicans didn't.
b. Federalists supported the idea of a high tariff on imported goods, Democratic-Republicans didn't.
5. What was the XYZ Affair?
John Adams sent one of the SC Delegates to France to make a peace treaty.
6. What were the Alien and Sedition Acts?
The alien act was that a president could deport any foreigner he deemed suspicious.
The sedition act was that a person could be arrested for speaking out against the president.
In 1803, The Louisiana Purchase occurred. Thomas Jefferson was our president at the time. One of his most significant accomplishments was purchasing the Louisiana Territory. The purchase of Louisiana from France doubled the size of the U.S. and expanded traveling and trading options.
In 1807, Thomas Jefferson signed the Embargo Act. He signed it as an effect of British and French attacks on American ships. The Embargo Act stopped Unite States trade with all foreign nations. He hoped this would end British impressment*.
*Impressment- the practice of seizing people or property for government service.
In 1812, a war between America and Britian broke out, a war that would be called "The War of 1812." It lasted for two years, an and ended in a draw. There was something called a 'War Hawk,' who was someone who wanted to go to war.
The reasons the US decided to go to war were that the British were giving American Indians, who were living in the Great Lakes, weapons and encouraging them to attack Americans. Another reason was that The Royal Navy removing seamen from U.S. merchant vessels and forcing them to serve for the British.
The Canal Age was important because it was the fastest and cheapest way to move goods. The most famous canal was the Santee Canal, which was a mile long and linked to the Cooper River.