Road to Civil War

Manifest Destiny
 

1) The belief in the United States that American settlers were destined to expand throughout the continent.

2) Citizens felt like they were ordained to move west by the word of God. This was theincidental cause of the divisions of the nation.

3) Manifest Destiny caused a dispute between the North and South. People were flooding to the new territory, trying to settle it with their own beliefs. The majority of people  to settle got to choose whether the new state would have slaves or not.  

Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

1)  It was a slave act passed by the Congress on September 18, 1850 as part of the Compromise of 1850 that required escaped slaves to be returned to their owners.  

2) The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 created the fear of a "slavocracy" and a slave power conspiracy in the North.

3) The North felt that this law was cruel and unjust while the South gratefully excepted it. This law made it easier for slave owners to gain back missing slaves.

Kansas and Nebraska Act

1) The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of repealing the Missouri Compromise of 1820.

2) Allowed white male settlers to determine whether they would allow slavery within each territory.

3) Divided the nation and created more disputes between the North and South.  

Uncle Toms Cabin

1) Uncle Toms Cabin was an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe.

2) Helped lay the groundwork for the Civil War.   The novel changed how Americans viewed slavery. This work made slavery a moral issue.

3) Changed southerns views on slavery. Helped build support to end slavery.

Dred Scott Decision

1) The Dred Scott Decision was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court held that African americans, whether enslaved or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court, and that he federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the federal territories acquired after the creation of the United States.

2) F0r only the second time in it's history had the Supreme Court ruled an Act of Congress to be unconstitutional.

3) This decision immediately spurred vehement dissent from anti-slavery elements in the North, especially Republicans.

Transcontinental Railroads

1) The transcontinental railroads were a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.

2) Transcontinental railroads helped open up unpopulated interior regions of continents to exploration and settlement that would not otherwise have been feasible.

3) The North and South had to compete against each other for unclaimed territory.

Reform Movements

Women's rights- caused by the extreme changes going on in the world, which encouraged new roles for women and the beginning of a gender equality movement that still goes on today.o[l/

Abolition- The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.

Temperance- a social movement urging personal moderation in the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Education- Southerners did not believe in educating daughters, except enough for them to educate their sons about liberty an freedom.

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