Demographic trends in New England, Middle, and Southern colonies


1) Most people in the North were Puritans who had come over from England. Most of the men farmed small acres of land in order to make just enough to survive.

2) The Middle Colonies was comprised with lots of white "Americans" and a lot of new immigrants from places like Germany and Scotland. The cultural and religious differences caused lots of conflict during colonial times.

3) People in the Middle Colonies were generally farmers; however, their farms were more productive than the farms in New England. For this reason, the Middle Colonies came to be known as America's breadbasket.

4) The South was mainly comprised of farmers and African slaves. African slaves were brought over to work on the huge plantations of white farmers. In addition to the really large white farmers, 1-2 slaves may have worked on the average white person's plot.

5) In the South it is thought that women had more rights than they did in the North because of their unique demographic position. Because Puritans weren't enforcing harsh gender stereotypes and because very few women were present in the South, they had more rights than their counter parts in the North.

The best example of the violence from the Middle colonies erupting was Bacon's Rebellion. Bacon was angered that the Governor of Virginia wouldn't push the Indians off the land so that other farmers could have the land. To protest this, he led a revolt against the Governor.

From Bacon's Deceleration "4. For having protected, favored, and emboldened the Indians against his Majesty’s loyal subjects, never contriving, requiring, or appointing any due or proper means of satisfaction for their many invasions, robberies, and murders committed upon us."

This shows that he feels like the Indians are allowed to get away murder while people like him have no land to work.  

The Governor of Virginia didn't agree with him so I will include his response.

And now I will state the Question betwixt me as a Governor and Mr. Bacon, and say that if any enimies should invade England, any Councellor Justice of peace or other inferiour officer, might raise what forces they could to protect his Majesties subjects, But I say againe, if after the Kings knowledge of this invasion, any the greatest peere of England, should raise forces against the kings prohibition this would be now, and ever was in all ages and Nations accompted treason. Nay I will goe further, that though this peere was truly zealous for the preservation of his King, and subjects, and had better and greater abillitys then all the rest of his fellow subjects, doe his King and Country service, yett if the King (though by false information) should suspect the contrary, itt were treason in this Noble peere to proceed after the King's prohibition, and for the truth of this I appeale to all the laws of England, and the Laws and constitutions of all other Nations in the world, And yett further itt is declaired by this Parliament that the takeing up Armes for the King and Parliament is treason, for the event shewed that what ever the pretence was to seduce ignorant and well affected people, yett the end was ruinous both to King and people, as this will be if not prevented, I doe therefore againe declair that Bacon proceedeing against all Laws of all Nations modern and ancient, is Rebell to his sacred Majesty and this Country, nor will I insist upon the sweareing of men to live and dye togeather, which is treason by the very words of the Law.

This shows that the Governor proclaims Bacon's acts to be treasonous and this should discourage people from joining the revolt.

The first picture below shows the ethnic make up of the different regions as well as the location of the settlers in relation to the Indians.

The second picture shows the Burning of Jamestown which was a depiction of Bacon's Rebellion.

Comment Stream