Elizabeth Bindert
Team 7-3 Omaha Zoo Trip

May, 1 2014

The Lively Scavenger Hunt

The Barred Flagtail has very fine teeth in bands.

Common Name: Barred Flagtail                        Scientific Name: Kuhlia mugil

Biome: Ocean                                                            Home Range/Habitat: salt water and                                                                                         tropical coral reefs, such as areas in the                                                                                             Pacific and Indian Oceans, and Red Sea                                                                                                                                                                     

FISH Adaptations:                                                  BARRED FLAGTAIL Adaptations:

  1. fins for swimming                                            1. schooling = safety in numbers
  2. scales protect fish                                             2. hunt at night                                          
  3. streamline shaped body = fast movement  3. lateral line-allows schools to move as                                                                                  one and trick predators
  4. ectothermic                                                         4. fine teeth in bands
  5. breathe with gills                                               5. can eat many types of food and thrive                                                                                                          
A Mountain Chicken frog's patterns blend in with its environment. (camouflauge)

Common Name: Mountain Chicken Frog  Scientific Name: Leptodactylus fallax (critically endangered)

Biome: wetland/freshwater                             Home Range/Habitat: dense vegetation,                                                                                   flooded/moist forests, and ravines of Western                                                                                 side of Dominica and Center Hills of Northern                                                                                  Montserrat

AMPHIBIAN Adaptations:                MOUNTAIN CHICKEN FROG Adaptations:

  1. sensory organs on top of head                        1. camouflage-patterns on animal blend                                                                          with environment
  2. thin and moist skin                                            2. extra powerful hind legs allow them                                                                            to jump greater distances
  3. lay eggs in masses                                               3. mother frog feeds her tadpoles her                                                                               own unfertilized eggs
  4. ectothermic                                                           4. nocturnal hunters                                            
  5. streamline body shape = easy movement      5. large size = less predators
An alligator's eyes and ears (sensory organs) are located on top of its head.

Common Name: American Alligator          Scientific Name: Alligator mississippiensis

Biome: Wetlands/Swamp                                Home Range/Habitat: Freshwater rivers,                                                                     lakes, swamps, and marshes across the Southeastern                                                                     United States (Native to North America)

REPTILE Adaptations:                                     ALLIGATOR Adaptations:

  1. scaly skin = protection                      1. eyes and ears located on very top of head
  2. ectothermic                                         2. transparent third eyelid= seeing under water  
  3. thick skin = holds moisture in         3. strong jaws to kill prey    
  4. breathe with lungs                             4. an alligator's tail allows it to move through                                                                     water quickly    
  5.  amniotic eggs = protected baby     5. when they fully submerge themselves their                                                                     nostrils and eyelids close automatically
The macaw has a large, hinged beak to crush nuts.

Common Name: Blue and Gold Macaw            Scientific Name: Ara ararauna

Biome: tropical rain forest                                      Home Range/Habitat: forest and                                                                    woodland of tropical South American including Ecuador,                                                            Venezuela, and Brazil

BIRD Adaptations:                                                MACAW Adaptations:

  1. wings                                                          1. large, hinged beak to crush nuts                                 
  2. feathers                                                      2. very long tail to keep balance
  3. hollow bones                                            3. feet have toes facing forward and backward                                                                   to help grasp food and grip when climbing
  4. endothermic                                             4. use beak as a third foot when climbing
  5. lay eggs with hard shells                       5. they are able to mimic tones
A snow leopard's fur pattern is well camouflaged in its natural environment.

Common Name: Snow Leopard (endangered)           Scientific Name: Panthera uncia

Biome: forest/mountain (steep terrain)    Home Range/Habitat: cold highlands of                                                                                   Central Asia including, Afghanistan,                                                                                                   Bhutan, China, India, and Kyrgyzstan.

MAMMAL Adaptations:                                    SNOW LEOPARD Adaptations:

  1. body hair/fur                                         1. long, dense, and thick fur = warmth
  2. highly developed brain                        2. round, short ears reduce heat loss
  3. endothermic                                           3. camouflage- fur blends with environment
  4. mammary glands (females)                4. long, thick tail helps keep balance                            
  5. specialized teeth  for diet                     5. extra large paws  to prevent it from sinking                                                                  in the snow

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