Haitian Revolution

By: Rachel, Kolbe, Justin, Binish

In France, the majority of the Generals made changes in French laws. On 26 August 1789 published the Declaration of the Rights of Man, declaring all men free and equal. The French Revolution shaped the conflict in the first widely welcomed in the island. However, the Haitian Revolution quickly became a test of the ideology of the French Revolution, as it changed the slavery question and forced French leaders to recognize the full meaning of their revolution.

Napolean was one of the greatest generals who ever lived. But at the end of the 18th century a self-educated slave with no military training drove Napoleon out of Haiti and led his country to independence. The remarkable leader of this slave revolt was Toussant Breda. Slave revolts from this time normally ended in executions and failure – this story is the exception. It began in 1791 in the French colony of Saint Dominique. Though born a slave in Saint Dominique, Toussaint learned of Africa from his father, who had been born a free man there. He learned that he was more than a slave, that he was a man with brains and dignity. He was fortunate in having a liberal master who had him trained as a house servant and allowed him to learn to read and write. Toussaint took full advantage of this, reading every book he could get his hands on. He particularly admired the writings of the French Enlightenment philosophers, who spoke of individual rights and equality.

In United States History Studies Since 1877, which is the second part of a two-year study that begins in Grade 8, students study the history of the United States from 1877 to the present. The course content is based on the founding documents of the U.S. government, which provide a framework for its heritage. Historical content focuses on the political, economic, and social events and issues related to industrialization and urbanization, major wars, domestic and foreign policies, and reform movements, including civil rights. Students examine the impact of geographic factors on major events and eras and analyze their causes and effects. Students examine the impact of constitutional issues on American society, evaluate the dynamic relationship of the three branches of the federal government, and analyze efforts to expand the democratic process. Students describe the relationship between the arts and popular culture and the times during which they were created. Students analyze the impact of technological innovations on American life. Students use critical-thinking skills and a variety of primary and secondary source material to explain and apply different methods that historians use to understand and interpret the past, including multiple points of view and historical context.

Leadership of the revolution got passed to Toussaint L'Ouverture after 1794. In addition to being a brilliant general, L'Ouverture showed considerable skill in manipulating the French government and managing the tensions between Haiti's different social groups. L'Ouverture was betrayed during the French invasion of 1802 sent by the government of Napoleon Bonaparte. After he was arrested his rule was passed down to Jacques Dessalines.

Popular sovereignty the principle that the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives (Rule by the People), who are the source of all political power. This was influenced by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

nationalism, an extreme form of this, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries. Russians influenced nationalism

Constitutionalism, a constitutional government. It was influenced by the United States

Checks and Balances, principle of government under which separated each branch and gave them a certain amount of power. This prevented one branch to just pass laws and no have to be approved. This is very important because one branch could want something that benefits this and the others not approve and since there is three they can do majority rules. It was influenced by William blackstone


"Haiti (Overview)." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 23 Mar. 2015.

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