All the words that look like this Needs are.. are vocabulary for the test you will have at the end.

Section 1

Although every child is unique, most children go through a similar pattern of growth and development. As an older brother or sister, or as a babysitter, you can help children learn and discover new things by interacting with them. Show children that you are interested in them and that what they say and do matters to you. Play time helps them develop motor skills, which is the development of their muscles as well as their emotional, social, and intellectual skills.

Caring for kids.

Parent and other caregivers need good parenting skills. Parenting is the processes of caring for children and helping them to grow and learn. Babysitting for younger siblings or other younger children can introduce you to the basic skills necessary for good parenting. The more you know about children, the more comfortable you will be with them. The way you handle children affects the way they behave toward you.

Encourage Independence.

Independent play is playing alone and showing little interest in interacting with others. There is also cooperative play. Cooperative play is playing with one or two other children and sharing toys. Children want to become independent and be able to preform tasks by themselves. As children try to do new tasks on their own, they will make mistakes and make messes. Be patient with children. It takes practice to learn skills such as using a fork, brushing teeth, or tying a shoe. Children also get encouraged by independent play.  Just like you, they learn from their mistakes.

Provide guidance

Children need guidance to learn appropriate behavior. Guidance is the direction caregivers need to give children so they can learn basic rules for behavior. These rules help the children stay safe, learn self control, and learn to get along with others. Guidance can be direct such as when you remind a child to put her shoes away, or when you make sure she does not touch a hot stove. Guidance can also be indirect. You can show children the proper ways to behave when you set good examples, such as practicing good habits and manners. You also have be restrict. Restrict put a limit on; keep under control. Children will gradually learn how to act appropriately in new situations. They will also know the difference between needs and their wants. Needs is something that is necessary such as food and water. A want is have a desire to possess or do (something); wish for.

Discipline is the task of teaching a child which behaviors are acceptable and which are not. It is important to be consistent, or react the same way to the situation each time it occurs, A child learns how to approach the world by observing the behavior and values of the people around them. The more consistent the messages is, the more stable they feels. Without consistency, they will lose control over themselves.

Child abuse and neglect. Section 2

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Adults who lose their tempers can inflect serious, life threatening injures on infants and children. The abuser may expect too much of a child. Child abuse is physical maltreatment or sexual molestation of a child. The abuser may not be able to cope with personal problems. In some cases, substance abuse is also involved. Parents or caregivers may incorrectly think they are helping to teach the child right from wrong. Often times the abusers were abused or neglected as children. The emotional and physical damage that was done to them may cause them to do the same thing to their own children.

When a child does not receive basic food, clothing, shelter, or health care, he or she is the victim of neglect. Family's under financial or emotional stress should seek help agencies, friends, or extended family members.

Understanding ages and stages.

Working with groups of pre-readers or kids at the early stages of reading (typically ages 3 to 8) requires exposure to specialized teaching methods. The lack of such training often results in children "acting out" in classes when inexperienced instructors try to engage them in activities that do not meet their developmental needs. As children grow older, they become more sophisticated and better able to master more and different learning skills, but that growth is only one aspect of the process of maturing into a complete and capable adult. Most important, an understanding of child development will help you think about each child's strengths, resources and challenges; the expectations you should have; and how you can help them best. A developmental task is an achievement, such as walking or talking, that can be expected at a specific ages and stages of growth.

Section 3


Toddlers are children who are one to three years old.The name comes from the way they walk, or toddle. At birth a child's brain is about 25% or its approximate adult weight. By age three, a child's brain has reached almost 90% of its size. A lot of baby's are infants. Infants is a very small newborn baby.

  Kids learn to be more independent by doing tasks for themselves and by being less dependent on the people who they care for themselves. As the part of this new independence, they often use the word "no". Toddlers can come to the table for meals when called, eat food without being encouraged, and follow safety rules such as not touching something hot. Preschoolers are children who are three to five years old. They interact more with their playmates and like to play with children of all ages. Preschool children mat carry on a conversation with make-believe playmates.

How children learn.

Young children learn from exploring their environment through the five senses of sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. Children learn from everyone and everything around them, including toys. Their first toys help develop their their movement. Other toys help them learn shapes, colors, letters, and numbers. Young children also learn from doing tasks over and over again. They learn when they observe and imitate others and explore their environment.

Learning through play.

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Handling emergencies.

keeping kids safe.

safety should be a top priority for every person who cares for a child. Accidents and injuries can have tragic results. However, most can be avoided by paying attention and by taking some simple steps to avoid common hazards. Attention span is the length time during which one is able to concentrate or remain interested.  Young children do not understand the dangers that surround them. In their eagerness to explore, they can easily hurt themselves by playing with a dangerous object or substance. Families with a child or children need to make their homes childproof. A childproof home is an environment  where children can play and explore safely.

Include childproofing and child safety tips...

Nutrition for Children and Teens

Healthy eating can stabilize children’s energy, sharpen their minds, and even out their moods. While peer pressure and TV commercials for junk food can make getting kids to eat well seem impossible.  By encouraging healthy eating habits, now you can make a huge impact on your children’s lifelong relationship with food and give them the best opportunity to grow into healthy, confident adults.

How to prevent child abuse and neglect

If you have suspect a child being abused or neglected, tell a trusted adult. You can even make an anonymous report to a child protective services agency. If you think is in immediate danger, call 9-1-1.

Caring for children is a BIG RESPONSIBILITY. The more often you care for children, the more you learn about protecting them and caring for their basic needs. Training and talking safety measures can prepare you to take care for children in a variety of situations.

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