New England Colonies
by: Tara, Ananya, Jack, Phillipa, Cannan, Julia, Blair, and Katie
The New England colonies of the 1700's was a great place to move to. Although life in the New World always came with its challenges, life in the New Englan colony had many positive aspects to it. People were able to trade what they produced internationally with the ports that were on the coast, people lived longer due to the clean water and lack of disease, and religious tolerance allowed for a less aggressive community.
A governor or proprietor held executive power, representing the crown in the colony. While the governor's council advised the governor and practiced judicial and administrative powers, an assembly was elected to represent the towns and counties. This model gave citizens a limited form of self government. Later, "royal governors" ruled the colonies without anyone representing the colonies; this took away much of the self-governing in the colony.
The primary economic endeavors of the New England colonies were mostly naval. While they did grow corm and wheat, the soil was rocky, making agriculture difficult. The colonies were most distinctively known for their fishing and ship building. They also sometimes produced manufactured goods and were a commonly used port for imports and exports.
Ethnic, Religious, and Education Issues
If people didn't agree with the Church of England, they could join the Puritan reform of Christianity. They got rid of the authoritative figures who claimed to know the word of God and controlled the church. In their mind, the bible was the only word of God and they didn't have to deal with the high priests of the Anglican Church once they came to the New England.
White English Puritans came to build God's perfect community and if people weren't as interested about the structure of the Massachusetts bay colony, there was always The Rhode Island colony that was perfect for those who were more liberal and independent.
Rhode Island's policy was based around religious freedom for Jews, Quakers, Anabaptists and other religions.
Education was given to everyone so that every kid could read God's word through the Bible, unlike the southern and middle colonies who don't require education for children, but there was a separation of church and state. Towns with 50 or more families are required to hire a teacher and towns with 100 or more families are required to build a school. However, girls were not educated equally; they were normally educated up to writing and arithmetic.