Bladder Cancer

About Bladder Cancer

If you have bladder cancer or are close to someone who does knowing what to expect will help you cope. Bladder Cancer is a cancer that lies in the bladder.


People with bladder cancer may experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, people with bladder cancer do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not cancer. Bladder cancer usually does not cause symptoms that specifically indicate cancer. Most often, bladder cancer is diagnosed when a person tells his or her doctor about blood in the urine, also called hematite. urine may appear dark yellow, bright red or cola colored. Or urine may appear normal, but blood may be detected in a microscopic examination of the urine.

Possible Causes

The earlier the cancer is diagnosed, the more limited it will likely be and the more effective the treatment can be. Thanks to improved procedures for early detection and treatment, such as urine cytology, five-year survival rates for bladder cancer improved from 50% in the 1960's to over 70% in the 1990's. Although bladder cancers often recur, prompt detection means they can be treated while they are still superficial.

    • Bladder defects from birth.
    • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
    • Chronic bladder infections and irritations.
    • Exposure to certain chemicals.
    • Low fluid consumption.
    • Personal or family history of bladder cancer.
    • Some medications - pioglitazone (Actos) and aristolochic acid.
    • Smoking.

Cancer Growth

Stages of Bladder cancer

In stage o, abnormal cells are found in tissue lining the inside of the bladder. These abnormal cells may become cancer and spread into nearby normal tissue. Stage 0 is divided into stage 0a and stage 0is, depending on the type of the tumor:In stage 1, cancer has formed and spread to the layer of connective tissue next to the inner lining of the bladder. In stage 2, cancer has spread to the layers of muscle tissue of the bladder. Lastly we have stage 3  in stage 3, cancer has spread from the bladder to the layer of fat surrounding it and may have spread to the reproductive organs.

It means it has moved to other organs in the body

Treatments for Bladder Cancer

In cancer care, different types of doctors often work together to create a patient’s overall treatment plan that combines different types of treatments. The team will usually be led by a urologist, a doctor who specializes in the genitourinary tract, which includes the kidneys, bladder, genitals, prostate, and testicles, or a urological oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancers of the urinary tract.

Survival Rates  

There is a 5 year survival rate that refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is diagnosed. Of course, many people live much longer than 5 years and many are cured. Stage 1 is 80% Stage 2 is 80% Stage 3 is 56% Stage 4 is 29% Remission means it has stopped growing. You are never cured of the caner.

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