Lima, Peru's latitude is 10°00′S 76°00′W. Due to Peru being near the equator, during more than half of the year the temperatures are high. Solar energy is directed towards this area and is absorbed by the land. This creates the warm temperatures all year long.
Peru is relatively humid. The warm average temperature during the year is around 25 degrees celsius, or 77 degrees fahrenheit. It's cold average temperature is 13 degrees celsius or 55 degrees fahrenheit. A diversity of plants and animals are able to survive here because of the temperature. Many tropical animals are able to survive in the rainforest areas, because of the humidity. There are over 500m species of mammals including jaguars, spectacled bear, and wooly monkey.
Lima is granted only 0.3 inches of rainwater during the year. The dryest months are April and November. Very little plant life can survive in the dryness. Mostly shrubs and cacti grow in this region because of the dryness. Mostly drought resistant plants can survive here. In the areas of the Amazon Rainforest many trees/lumber are able to survive.
Peru has 3 different areas of topography. These 3 areas are the coast, the highlands, and the eastern rainforests. Near the coast many ocean currents occur. The Andes mountains are in the Highland Area. Ocean breezes flow over the mountains. In the rainforest areas there is no wind, because of all the trees and brush.
The city of Lima slopes gently away from the shore. Closer to the shore the temperatures are lower because of the elevation.
The city of Lima is sloped toward the coast. Ocean currents come from the ocean and create ocean breezes. These breezes however have a hard time going over the mountains. They are mostly stopped. Water takes longer to heat up therefore the temperatures are lower on the coast then they are on land.
Bodies of Water
The Pacific Ocean is the main body of water. This ocean can absorb and release energy onto the land. Different ocean currents hold energy. Water however is heated more slowly than land. This body of water effects the temperature and the wind.