Unit 6: Learning

Operant and Classical Conditioning

Dis Es Fun-Ay

Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning to condition his dogs to salivate when they heard a tone expecting food.

Classic Conditioning

Key Words

Classical Conditioning: learning by linking two stimuli and anticipating event

Operant Conditioning: learning in which behavior is strengthen by reinforcer or diminished by a punisher

Latent Learning: learning that is not apparent till later

Learned Helplessness: hopelessness and passive resignation when an animal/human can not escape adverse event

Intrinsic Motivation: motivation from the inside

Extrinsic Motivation: motivation from external

Observational Learning: learning by observation

Modeling: process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

Key people

Ivan Pavlov: Classical Conditioning with dogs

B.F. Skinner: Behavior is shaped by external events, operant conditioning

Tom Watson: reinforcement must be immediate after the action

Giacomo Rizzolatti: Mirror neurons that mirror actions

Albert Bandura: Children mimic an adult figure beating a doll

Bandura's Experiment

Research

Bandura's famous experiment shown above demonstrated that children and people will mimic others who they believe to be higher then them, such as an adult for a child like in the experiment.

Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning with a tone and food for his dogs to elicit a response of salvation. He showed that almost anything can learn through classical conditioning and will respond with an unconditioned response that becomes conditioned to the conditioned stimuli.

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