Unit 6: Learning
Operant and Classical Conditioning
Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning to condition his dogs to salivate when they heard a tone expecting food.
Classical Conditioning: learning by linking two stimuli and anticipating event
Operant Conditioning: learning in which behavior is strengthen by reinforcer or diminished by a punisher
Latent Learning: learning that is not apparent till later
Learned Helplessness: hopelessness and passive resignation when an animal/human can not escape adverse event
Intrinsic Motivation: motivation from the inside
Extrinsic Motivation: motivation from external
Observational Learning: learning by observation
Modeling: process of observing and imitating a specific behavior
Ivan Pavlov: Classical Conditioning with dogs
B.F. Skinner: Behavior is shaped by external events, operant conditioning
Tom Watson: reinforcement must be immediate after the action
Giacomo Rizzolatti: Mirror neurons that mirror actions
Albert Bandura: Children mimic an adult figure beating a doll
Bandura's famous experiment shown above demonstrated that children and people will mimic others who they believe to be higher then them, such as an adult for a child like in the experiment.
Ivan Pavlov used classical conditioning with a tone and food for his dogs to elicit a response of salvation. He showed that almost anything can learn through classical conditioning and will respond with an unconditioned response that becomes conditioned to the conditioned stimuli.