Major Theories/ Concepts

Description:  Ways psychologists observe and describe behavior

                    * The Case Study

                    * The Survey

                    * Naturalistic Observation

Correlation:  Using observed behavior to predict future behavior

                   * shows comparisons, not causation

                   * we often believe a correlation exists when it does not                                              (illusory correlation)

Experimentation:  Used to prove that correlated behaviors have a cause-and-effect                             relationship

                      * the experimenter manipulates something (the independent variable)

                     * the observed effect of the resulting change is the dependent variable