Sonnets - fourteen line poems with a formal tone that follows a specific rhyme scheme.
Odes - poems with a formal tone, written for the single purpose of celebrating or honoring a person, object, or idea.
Elegies - formal poems that reflect on death or other solemn, serious themes.
Narrative poem - tells a story in verse. Narrative poems have elements like those in a short story, such as setting, plot, and characters.
Epics - long narrative poems that tell an exciting or inspiring story, usually about a hero.
Ballads - song-like poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure, tragedy, or romance.
Limericks - humorous five-line poems with specific rhyme pattern and an aabba rhyme scheme.
Free verse poetry - defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, no intentional rhyme, no fixed line length, and no specific stanza length.
Haikus - short, unrhymed, poems, often about nature
Concrete poetry - words are arranged in on the page to form a shape that suggests the topic or ideas in the poem.
Line - helps poems break into parts.
Stanzas - arrangement of lines to create an appearance on the page. Help organize thoughts.
Meter - the rhythmical pattern, or the arrangement and number of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Rhyme scheme - the pattern of the rhyme in a poem.