Natural fibers
by: Kayla Roberts

what is a natural fiber-

  • naturals fibers come from animal or plant sources

These come in all types of fibers

Filament fibers:
long, continuous fibers of higher quality

Cellulosic fibers:
fibers from plant

Protein fibers:
fibers derived from animals or insect

More natural fibers

Whats Cotton?
The soft, white, downy fiber (boll)
attached to the seed of a cotton plant.

How is it used/grown?
-most widely used of all natural fibers
- grown in the southern us and other warm climates


Characteristics:

strong and durable
absorbent
cool to wear
shrinks in hot water
wrinkles easy

Proper care:

-machine wash
- tumble dry at moderate temperatures
-press with warm to hot iron

Common uses:

underwear
socks
shirt, blouses
jeans
towels, sheet



Wool??
The fiber that forms the coat (fleece) of sheep

Primary sources??

Australia, south america, new zealand and united kingdom


Characteristics:

Natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers
soft and resilient
Naturally flame retardant
Absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton
Shrinks if machine washed or dried unless chemically treated
affected by moths


Proper care for untreated wool:

- dry clean or hand wash in cool water and a mild detergent( according to garment label)
- do not place in dryer
- press with cool iron

Common uses:

*Sweaters
* tailored suits
* coats
* blankets
* upholstery
* rugs, carpets




Flax??

the fiber that comes from the stem of a flax plant

How it used/ grown??

- Grown and harvested primarily in eastern Europe
- linen is made by weaving or knitting flax fiber into fabric

Common uses:
pants
blazers
table linens
upholstery

Characteristics:

durable and strong
lustrous and smooth
comfortable and cool to wear
wrinkles easily
creases difficult to remove
can be expensive

Proper care:

hand wash or dry clean (according to garment label)
iron while damp



Silk??

The fine, lustrous fiber that comes from a cocoon spun by a silworm
how is silk made??
the silk forces two fine streams of a thick liquid out of tiny openings in its head

these streams harden into filaments or fibers upon contact with air

Produced??

asia, Thailand , china, India, and Madagascar

Characteristics??

-luxurious  appearance and feel
- strongest of all natural fibers
- drapes nicely
-expensive
-easily spots when fabric gets wet
- weakens with exposure to the sun and perspiration

Proper care??

-Dry clean or hand wash ( according to garment directions)

-press on wrong side with warm iron

Common uses??
-wedding gowns
- lingerie
- Men's tie