What is Taxonomy ?

Taxonomy is the naming of organisms and assigning them to groups. It has seven levels to it Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.

Taxonomy of an African Lion

Kingdom: Animalia- These organisms are multicellular and eukaryotic. Most animals are motile, meaning they can move around on their own. These organisms must eat other organisms for survival, making them heterotrophic.

Class: Mammalia- is an animal that breathes air, has a backbone, and grows hair at some point during its life

Order: Carnivore- An organism that deserves its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly of animal tissue from scavenging and hunting.                        

Phylum: Chordata- Organisms in this phylum have a spinal cord and vertebrate at some point during their life.

Family: Felidae - The name of the biological name of cats.

Genus: Panthera- Is related to the felidae family. This group has 7 species of cats, 5 are the largest in the cat family. (Tiger, Lion, Jaguar, Cougar, and Leopard)

Species: Panthera Leo - Currently exist in sub-sahara Africa and in Asia.


Lions live in large groups called prides, there are about 15 lions in each group. Mostly females and there young make up the pride. Two or three males will join the pride for about 3 years until another larger group takes over. Not all lions live in prides. Females do almost all the hunting. They work in teams to stalk and ambush there prey. Males defend the prides territory. Lions prey on zebras, wildebeest, and antelope.

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